All news from Health Policy in India

Studying Flu: A New Approach Highlighted

Scientists have known for decades that a flu virus in a human body can be a lot different than viruses grown in a lab. As opposed to the uniform, spherical, textbook-style viruses in a petri dish, in humans they vary in shape and composition — particularly the abundance of certain proteins — even if they are genetically very similar.

Lung Diseases in Premature Babies: Treatment with Innovative Inhalation System

Premature babies who have born before their lungs have finished maturing often suffer from a lack of surfactant – a necessary substance for lung development. They are also particularly susceptible to illnesses of the respiratory organ, which have to be treated by means of inhalation. However, the inhalation systems available are not geared to the needs of preterm infants and newborns. Researchers are working with partners to develop a system that would allow drugs to be administered as aerosols in an efficient and breath-triggered manner. This would shorten the duration of therapy, so easing the strain on little bodies.

Nanocarrier-Delivered MicroRNA In Sepsis Treatment

One in three patients who die in the U.S. dies of sepsis, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is one of the leading causes of death in intensive care units and, with an estimated price tag of $20 billion in 2011, the most expensive condition that hospitals treat.

New Method Developed to Detect Viral RNA Without Special Equipment

Scientists from the SCAMT Laboratory of ITMO University developed a method to detect viral RNA without special equipment. The sensor is based on a polymerization reaction: if the sample contains traces of the target virus, then under the ultraviolet irradiation the liquid-sensor turns into a gel.

The results of such an analysis can easily be detected even by people with limited vision. As the required reagents are widely available and resistant to temperature extremes, the method can be used in difficult field conditions. The results are published in RSC Advances.

Effectiveness of Oils from Herbs Against Lyme Disease Bacteria

Oils from garlic and several other common herbs and medicinal plants show strong activity against the bacterium that causes Lyme disease, according to a study by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. These oils may be especially useful in alleviating Lyme symptoms that persist despite standard antibiotic treatment, the study also suggests.

Study: Higher PEEP Improves Outcomes in ARDS Patients

Mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains high. These patients require mechanical ventilation strategies that include high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). It remains controversial if high PEEP can improve outcomes for ARDS patients, wholesome improvement in oxygenation in response to PEEP. In this meta-analysis, we aimed at the effects of high PEEP on ARDS patients.

Role of Dexamethasone in the Para-vertebral Block

Surgery for aortic coarctation requires special care during anesthesia due to severe pain during the lateral thoracotomy incision, intraoperative hemodynamic instability and the need for large doses of intra- and postoperative analgesics and vasodilators. Additionally, the postoperative care of patients is very important.

Health Insurance Cover Can Protect Your Wealth, Experts

Adversities hit you without a warning. Especially if they are to do with a catastrophic illness. Most people have that family member who has been diagnosed with a dreaded illness and finds it challenging to manage financially. It is surprising that to hear that almost 44% of India's population is not covered by health insurance.

Further, the average insurance cover of ? 2 lakh is grossly inadequate to cover the expenses for any large illness. In such situations, people dip into their savings or take loans or sell assets to fund treatments. As per a report by EY, 70% of healthcare spending in 2016 was out of pocket and only 2% was through private insurance, the balance of 28% being borne by the government.

Mental Health: Council Plans Survey in Nepal

The Nepal Health Research Council (NHRC) is preparing to launch the National Mental Health Survey for the first time in Nepal. According to the council, they will be following the ‘Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) Adult and MINI-Kid version 7.0.2’ tool created by Dr. David Vincent Sheehan, a famous physiatrist and a professor emeritus at the University of South Florida College of Medicine.

Powerful Healing with Better Bandage

A new, low-cost wound dressing could drastically speed up healing in a surprising way. The method leverages energy generated from a patient's own body motions to apply gentle electrical pulses at the site of an injury.