Neonatal sepsis is a leading cause of neonatal mortality in the world. It is also one of the common morbidities in neonatal units in India.Majority of neonatal sepsis occurs in developing countries.The objective of the current study was to detect the common causative microorganisms of neonatal sepsis and their antimicrobial resistance patterns in a rural secondary care hospital in Tamil Nadu, India.
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The Global Fund is a major international source of funding for TB prevention and care activities in 110 countries. To enhance accountability and efficiency, the Global Fund has earmarked 10% of every project budget for monitoring, evaluation and operational research (OR).
U.S. Army-funded researchers at Brandeis University have discovered a process for engineering next-generation soft materials with embedded chemical networks that mimic the behavior of neural tissue.
The breakthrough material may lead to autonomous soft robotics, dual sensors, and actuators for soft exoskeletons, or artificial skins. The study is published in the journal Lab on a Chip.
Drug regulators in Europe and Japan have approved a recombinant, adjuvanted herpes zoster vaccine (Shingrix, GlaxoSmithKline) to prevent shingles (in Europe and Japan) and postherpetic neuralgia (in Europe only) in adults aged 50 years or older, the company has announced.
We sought to investigate thalamic and basal ganglia (BG) metabolism on interictal 18F-FDG PET in relation to temporal hypometabolism using our institutional database of patients with medically intractable TLE and compare the results to the published literature.
The analysis was based on standardized uptake value (SUV), which constitutes the current standard of semi-quantitative 18F-FDG uptake measurement in clinical practice.
In Bangladesh, husbandry systems and the geographic location of poultry farms are strongly associated with the type of poultry reared. Researchers hypothesized that live poultry trading practices and networks may vary according to the types of poultry.
While live poultry trading networks have been described in multiple settings, they have not been characterized according to poultry types. Yet, identifying the types of poultry traded through these networks may provide insights to understand how these networks may generate disease risk for poultry and human populations.
A scientific study conducted at the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in São Paulo State, Brazil, has identified genetic factors associated with the severity of acute viral bronchiolitis. The study was supported by the Sao Paulo Research Foundation – FAPESP. The results were published in the journal Gene.
Spurred on by climate change, international travel and international trade, disease-bearing insects are spreading to ever-wider parts of the world. This means that more humans are exposed to viral infections such as Dengue fever, Chikungunya, Zika, West Nile fever, Yellow fever and Tick-borne encephalitis. For many of these diseases, there are as yet no specific antiviral agents or vaccines.
Physical fitness is important for success in sports and athletics, but it is also important for good health. If you are generally fit, you probably have a strong heart, brain, muscles and bones, all of which help you to exercise and improve your chances of living a long, fit and healthy life.
A study found that Left-right differences in ear function have been found to lead to asymmetric brain development that affects the preferred direction of turning movement in mice. Researchers have investigated the potential link between increased incidences of atypical asymmetries in motor behavior and defects in inner ear function. The study was published in the journal PLOS Biology.
Research by a team of academics at the University of Huddersfield alerted the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA) to the probability that the number of offenders who both view online images of children and who engage in contact or the physical sexual abuse of children is much higher than usually believed.