All news from Anaesthesiology

Neonatal Sepsis and Its Bacteriological Profile

Neonatal sepsis is a leading cause of neonatal mortality in the world. It is also one of the common morbidities in neonatal units in India.Majority of neonatal sepsis occurs in developing countries.The objective of the current study was to detect the common causative microorganisms of neonatal sepsis and their antimicrobial resistance patterns in a rural secondary care hospital in Tamil Nadu, India.

Behavior of Neural Tissue Mimicked

U.S. Army-funded researchers at Brandeis University have discovered a process for engineering next-generation soft materials with embedded chemical networks that mimic the behavior of neural tissue.

The breakthrough material may lead to autonomous soft robotics, dual sensors, and actuators for soft exoskeletons, or artificial skins. The study is published in the journal Lab on a Chip.

Shingrix Approved for Prevention of Shingles

Drug regulators in Europe and Japan have approved a recombinant, adjuvanted herpes zoster vaccine (Shingrix, GlaxoSmithKline) to prevent shingles (in Europe and Japan) and postherpetic neuralgia (in Europe only) in adults aged 50 years or older, the company has announced.

18F-FDG PET in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

We sought to investigate thalamic and basal ganglia (BG) metabolism on interictal 18F-FDG PET in relation to temporal hypometabolism using our institutional database of patients with medically intractable TLE and compare the results to the published literature.

The analysis was based on standardized uptake value (SUV), which constitutes the current standard of semi-quantitative 18F-FDG uptake measurement in clinical practice.

Control and Surveillance of Avian Influenza Viruses in Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, husbandry systems and the geographic location of poultry farms are strongly associated with the type of poultry reared. Researchers hypothesized that live poultry trading practices and networks may vary according to the types of poultry.

While live poultry trading networks have been described in multiple settings, they have not been characterized according to poultry types. Yet, identifying the types of poultry traded through these networks may provide insights to understand how these networks may generate disease risk for poultry and human populations.

Acute viral bronchiolitis: Genetic Factors Identified

A scientific study conducted at the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in São Paulo State, Brazil, has identified genetic factors associated with the severity of acute viral bronchiolitis. The study was supported by the Sao Paulo Research Foundation – FAPESP. The results were published in the journal Gene.

Spread of Mosquito and Tick-Borne Viruses with Climate Changes

Spurred on by climate change, international travel and international trade, disease-bearing insects are spreading to ever-wider parts of the world. This means that more humans are exposed to viral infections such as Dengue fever, Chikungunya, Zika, West Nile fever, Yellow fever and Tick-borne encephalitis. For many of these diseases, there are as yet no specific antiviral agents or vaccines.