Researchers have developed a microsensor that makes it possible to monitor and adjust the composition of kidney dialysis fluid directly. This is a crucial step towards patient-specific dialysis, which will remove a significant proportion of the severe side effects of the use of standard dialysis fluid.
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A study determined for the development of probiotics and other strategies for preventing C. diff infection. Researchers have found that antibiotic use creates a "banquet" for Clostridium difficile (C. diff); by altering the native gut bacteria that would normally compete with C. diff for nutrients.
A study that has been made to pave the way to human space colonization , little consideration has been given to the methods of protecting spacefarers against harsh cosmic and local radioactive environments and the high costs associated with protection from the deleterious physiological effects of exposure to high-Linear energy transfer (high-LET) radiation.
A large cohort study has provided no support for the idea that a shorter "door-to-diuretic time" in acute heart failure (AHF) may lead to better clinical outcomes, a concept with some appeal that has been variously supported and disputed in earlier studies.
Japanese researchers have optimized the design of laboratory-grown, synthetic diamonds. This brings the new technology one step closer to enhancing biosensing applications, such as magnetic brain imaging. The advantages of this layered, sandwichlike, diamond structure are described in a recent issue of Applied Physics Letters, from AIP Publishing.
Teen boys in the United States are less likely than girls to be vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) because many doctors do not recommend the shots to boys' parents, researchers say.
Recent findings suggest a novel positron emission tomography (PET) imaging approach determining epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status for improved lung cancer patient management. The findings are published in the issue of Science Translational Medicine.
Literature suggests benefits of a multi-tiered approach where by intervention modalities are combined: generalized, school- or community-wide interventions with targeted components for high-risk individuals and their families. The present study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of a combined school- and family-based intervention for child behavior problems in rural Nepal.
Researchers examined the association of house-dust endotoxin with chronic bronchitis or emphysema (CBE) suggestive of COPD in a large sample representative of the U.S. population using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The topic is of public health interest given the ubiquity of endotoxin in our environment and the high morbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary conditions in the United States.
For years, doctors have observed that some patients with leprosy develop unusual blood clots which can lead to stroke or heart attack. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have for the first time characterized these blood clots, leading to a new understanding of how leprosy affects the circulatory system and potential new screening tests to predict leprosy reactions.
The present study has clinical and policy relevance to India where an estimated 2.5 million people live with HIV/AIDS; 39% of them are women (UNAIDS 2014). Although AIDS-related mortality in India has declined from its peak in 2007, the country still has the world’s third highest number of AIDS-related deaths [National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), 2015; UNAIDS 2014].
A study examines that Seborrheic keratosis is the most common noncancerous skin growth in adults seen by doctors in the everyday practice. While it can look like skin cancer, seborrheic keratosis is not thought to be caused by sun-related exposure; in fact, the cause is unclear. The study was published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.