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HPV Shots: Parents Lack Knowledge

Teen boys in the United States are less likely than girls to be vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) because many doctors do not recommend the shots to boys' parents, researchers say.

Association of House Dust Endotoxin with Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema

Researchers examined the association of house-dust endotoxin with chronic bronchitis or emphysema (CBE) suggestive of COPD in a large sample representative of the U.S. population using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The topic is of public health interest given the ubiquity of endotoxin in our environment and the high morbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary conditions in the United States.

HIV/AIDS Care in India: Drug Adherence Levels are Falling Down Again

The present study has clinical and policy relevance to India where an estimated 2.5 million people live with HIV/AIDS; 39% of them are women (UNAIDS 2014). Although AIDS-related mortality in India has declined from its peak in 2007, the country still has the world’s third highest number of AIDS-related deaths [National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), 2015; UNAIDS 2014].