All news from Anaesthesiology

New Insight Into How Muscles Manage Oxygen Consumption

Researchers from Karolinska Institutet have shown that an enzyme called FIH defines the consumption of oxygen by muscles. Enzyme naive muscles show an increased need for oxygen during physical exercise. The finding, published in the journal Cell Metabolism, has the potential significance to elite athletes, who have been found to have higher levels of FIH in their muscles than others.

Use Of Nasotracheal Intubation During General Anesthesia

A study examines tracheal collapse may have an increased anesthetic risk due to airway obstruction during induction and recovery. To our knowledge, there are no anesthetic descriptions of these patients, despite a reported 5.6% incidence and 77% mortality rate. Two Shetland ponies with tracheal collapse, a 12-year-old mal, and a 27-year-old female were referred for right eye enucleation due to a perforating corneal ulcer and severe recurrent uveitis, respectively. 

The Stomach's Activity Monitored Using a Wearable Device

Researchers have developed a wearable, non-invasive system to monitor electrical activity in the stomach over 24 hours — essentially an electrocardiogram but for the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract. Applications include monitoring GI activity for patients outside of a clinical setting, which cuts down costs.

Monitoring for longer periods of time also increases the likelihood of capturing abnormal events. Researchers detail their findings in the issue of Nature's open access journal Scientific Reports.

Gonorrhea Resistant to Conventional Treatments, New findings

Researchers at Public Health England have announced, as reported by the BBC, that a U.K. man has contracted a case of gonorrhea that is resistant to the two types of antibiotics that are normally used to treat such infections. It is, they further report, the first known instance of a case where a strain of the bacteria has developed resistance to both treatments.

Florbetapir-PET ?-amyloid Imaging in ICU Survivors

Researchers describe the results of a pilot case series assessing the presence of brain amyloid with florbetapir F18 PET in a convenience sample ICU survivors up to 6 years after ICU discharge, using a quantitative measurement of florbetapir cortical uptake known as Standard Uptake Value ratio (SUVr). We compared our findings with findings pertaining to neuropsychological trajectories.

Maternal and Child Health Service in Nepal

In the global context of foreign aid in the MCH sector, ‘value for money’ and ‘aid effectiveness’ are the most discussed topics of the twenty-first century. Against this backdrop, the foreign aid dispersing and securing practices in Nepal in general, and common foreign-aid sourcing strategies used by national and local non-governmental applicant organizations, working in the field of maternal and child health are discussed.