Researchers from Karolinska Institutet have shown that an enzyme called FIH defines the consumption of oxygen by muscles. Enzyme naive muscles show an increased need for oxygen during physical exercise. The finding, published in the journal Cell Metabolism, has the potential significance to elite athletes, who have been found to have higher levels of FIH in their muscles than others.
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A researcher at the University of Pittsburgh has developed a new minimally invasive, more efficient brain-machine interface, which provides people with spinal cord injuries new hope to walk again with the power of thought.
A study examines tracheal collapse may have an increased anesthetic risk due to airway obstruction during induction and recovery. To our knowledge, there are no anesthetic descriptions of these patients, despite a reported 5.6% incidence and 77% mortality rate. Two Shetland ponies with tracheal collapse, a 12-year-old mal, and a 27-year-old female were referred for right eye enucleation due to a perforating corneal ulcer and severe recurrent uveitis, respectively.
A new study, published in the journal Breast Cancer – Targets and Therapy suggests that combination of an experimental anti-cancer drug therapy, which activates a defective protein known as p53, with a second drug therapy that helps suppress tumor blood vessels found in cancer cells, can help to significantly reduce the proliferation of breast cancer tumors, causing cancer cell death.
New data suggest that blood glucose monitoring systems that rely on capillary samples may not be as accurate as arterial or venous sampling when used in patients receiving an intensive medical intervention. However, the benefits of the devices still outweigh any risk for a potential adverse event related to erroneous results, a US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advisory committee concluded.
Researchers from the University of Zurich have identified a new way in which certain antibodies interact with the flu virus. This discovery, published in the Cell Reports, suggests that a new front may be opened in the fight against the flu.
Researchers have developed a wearable, non-invasive system to monitor electrical activity in the stomach over 24 hours — essentially an electrocardiogram but for the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract. Applications include monitoring GI activity for patients outside of a clinical setting, which cuts down costs.
Monitoring for longer periods of time also increases the likelihood of capturing abnormal events. Researchers detail their findings in the issue of Nature's open access journal Scientific Reports.
Researchers at Public Health England have announced, as reported by the BBC, that a U.K. man has contracted a case of gonorrhea that is resistant to the two types of antibiotics that are normally used to treat such infections. It is, they further report, the first known instance of a case where a strain of the bacteria has developed resistance to both treatments.
A new study published in the journal Annals of Behavioral Medicine suggests that individuls on hormone therapy for prostate cancer may benefit significantly from exercise and choosing plant-based diet, as it help fight treatment-associated side effects.
Researchers describe the results of a pilot case series assessing the presence of brain amyloid with florbetapir F18 PET in a convenience sample ICU survivors up to 6 years after ICU discharge, using a quantitative measurement of florbetapir cortical uptake known as Standard Uptake Value ratio (SUVr). We compared our findings with findings pertaining to neuropsychological trajectories.
In the global context of foreign aid in the MCH sector, ‘value for money’ and ‘aid effectiveness’ are the most discussed topics of the twenty-first century. Against this backdrop, the foreign aid dispersing and securing practices in Nepal in general, and common foreign-aid sourcing strategies used by national and local non-governmental applicant organizations, working in the field of maternal and child health are discussed.