All news from Anaesthesiology

Machine Learning advances MRI for Prostate Cancer Patients

A newly developed machine-learning algorithm can help predict which prostate cancer patients are most likely to benefit from multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) scans, according to a study scheduled for presentation at American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS) annual meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, DC.

Combined Immunotherapy May Improve Survival in Mesothelioma

Researchers from the Vaccine and Immunotherapy Center (VIC) at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have found that the combined treatment of the two drugs – one immune modulator AMD3100 (plerixafor) and an antitumor activator drug VIC-008 – significantly prolongs survival in mouse models of aggressive malignant mesothelioma.

X-linked Genes Linked With Respiratory Risk in Boys

A new study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, shows that human airways already demonstrate gender-based differences in DNA methylation signatures at birth, providing an early airway epigenomic marks that may determine sex-based respiratory phenotypes and overall predisposition to develop respiratory disorders like asthma later in life.

Impaired Brain Coordination May Lead to ADHD

Abnormal coordination between two brain regions can lead to attention hyperactivity deficit disorders (ADHD), including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depression, according to the researchers. The study, published in the Neuron, provides insight into how two brain regions work together to maintain attention, and how discordance between the regions could lead to ADHD.

Tennessee Vets Strive Tai Chi To Treat Pain, PTSD

In Tennessee, treatment for veterans is beginning to include the ancient martial art of tai chi. Zibin Guo guides veterans in wheelchairs through slow-motion poses as a Bluetooth speaker blares a classic tai chi soundtrack. The practice of tai chi could help ease pain and PTSD, according to Guo.

Metformin May Also Tackle Nicotine Withdrawal

Researchers from Johns Hopkins University may have found an alternative use for metformin – a common diabetes drug. In a study conducted on mice, it was showed that metformin potentially blocks symptoms of nicotine withdrawal in rodents. The study findings, reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), could help people to kick their nicotine habits.

New Insights Into How HIV Escape Cellular Booby Traps

Researchers from the Kyoto University have found that simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) evolved to infect humans as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) via Vpu–a protein that allow HIV to escape and spread–evolving to inhibiting tetherin. The study, published in the journal Cell Host and Microbe, helps explain how HIV came into human world.

Children with Neurogenic Bladder Requires Urine Culture

According to a new research, scientists explain that in children with neurogenic bladders who require clean intermittent catheterization (CIC), Enterococcus bacteria may grow in urine culture without pyuria (pus in the urine typically from bacterial infection) or positive leukocyte esterase