A new decision tool to help emergency physicians identify patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are at high risk of complications, including death, performs better than current practice, according to the Ottawa COPD Risk Scale in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
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Genome editing technology is helping A * STAR scientists unravel how the Influenza A virus (IAV) exploits human anti-viral responses. IAV remains a key challenge for global health resources, not least because of the wide variations in symptom severity experienced by different people, even when they are infected by the same strain. This implies that there are host factors at play during the initial host-viral interaction.
Now, physicists from the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and Yale University have synthesized borophene on copper substrates with large-area (ranging in size from 10 to 100 micrometers) single-crystal domains (for reference, a strand of human hair is about 100 micrometers wide). Previously, only nanometer-size single-crystal flakes of borophene had been produced. The advance, reported in Nature Nanotechnology, represents an important step in making practical borophene-based devices possible.
New research on the types of bacteria living in babies' noses could offer clues as to why some recover quickly from their first cough or cold, while others suffer for longer. The study, published in ERJ Open Research, suggests that babies who have a wide variety of different bacteria living in their noses tend to recover more quickly from their first respiratory virus, compared to those who have less variety and more bacteria from either the Moraxellaceae or Streptococcaceae family.
Teens and young adults who are prescribed opioids by dental clinicians are at increased risk for persistent use and for abuse in the next year, a retrospective cohort study suggests. Investigators used claims data from 2015 to identify 14,888 privately insured 16- to 25-year-olds who obtained their first prescription from a dentist or oral surgeon, likely mainly to manage pain after the extraction of third molars (wisdom teeth). The investigators then matched this group by sex and age with 29,776 youths who had not filled an opioid prescription.
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and snoring may lead to earlier impairment of cardiac function in women than in men, according to a new study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). Moreover, the findings suggested that OSA may be vastly underdiagnosed among snorers
At a mere five months of age, babies seemingly have the ability to recognize very complex grammatical structures. That is what a research team headed by Professor Angela Friederici from the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences (MPI CBS) and Professor Jutta Mueller from the University of Osnabrück has now shown in a new study published in Science Advances
Palliative care can be successfully adapted to a community-based outpatient setting. The outcomes achieved may be superior to that of standard care, according to new findings presented here at the Palliative Care in Oncology Symposium (PCOS) 2018
Patients with hereditary angioedema experience recurrent and sometimes life-threatening swelling attacks. Researchers from Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin have tested an antibody capable of reducing the frequency of these swelling attacks by more than 90%. Results from their phase 3 trial were published yesterday in JAMA, the renowned Journal of the American Medical Association
A decline in physical activity (PA) and an increase in sedentary behavior (SB) begin at around 6 years of age, earlier than previously thought, a study has found. The study was published online December 3 in Pediatrics
The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and National Psoriasis Foundation (NPF) have released a joint treatment guideline for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) that provides evidence-based pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic recommendations on caring for treatment-naïve patients with active PsA and patients who continue to have active PsA despite treatment
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center say they have added to evidence that measuring and monitoring tumor DNA that naturally circulates in the blood of melanoma patients cannot only reliably help reveal the early stages of cancer growth and spread but also uncover new treatment options that tumor genetic analysis alone may not