All news from Anaesthesiology

Role of Live Vaccines In Body's Immune Response

Researchers from Charité — Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin's university hospital, have discovered a new mechanism by which live vaccines induce immunity.

Molecules produced exclusively by live microorganisms are recognized by specialized receptors of the immune system, subsequently triggering a protective immune response. The new findings may help improve the safety and efficacy of vaccines. Results from this study have been published in the journal Nature Immunology.

New Type Of Camera That Peers Deep Beneath The Skin

Researchers developed a camera that concentrated beneath the skin to help diagnose and monitor a wide variety of health conditions. The interdisciplinary effort, led by Rice University, will combine advanced optics and sophisticated computation to make sense of light that penetrates the skin but scatters off internal tissues and anatomical structures. This will enable noninvasive bio-optical imaging at a cellular scale something not possible with ultrasound, X-rays and other medical imaging technologies.

Facial Expressions Evolved As The Shape and Structure of the face of Humans

Researchers have speculated that raising eyebrows and other facial expressions evolved as the shape and structure of the face of men changed with time making them smaller and flatter. Early Homo sapiens had thick bone brows; this made raising eyebrows and a host of other facial expressions difficult for them. With the passage of time evolution took its course and the brows smoothened. The study was published in the latest issue of the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution.

New Study Sheds Light on Little-known, Cryptococcal Infections

A new study from The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), explores little-known fungal infections caused by the fungus Cryptococcus. There are currently no vaccines available for any fungal infection, which can be extremely fatal to patients under therapy for diseases like HIV, AIDS and cancer. Researchers suggest that more studies are required to develop an effective solution to these infections.

Mucus Might Help To Predict the Type Of Chronic Sinusitis

According to a study, researchers examined that a patients mucus may predict the type of his or her chronic sinusitis, which could help doctors determine whether surgery or medical treatments can produce the best outcomes. They have experienced high pollen levels while the weather and temperatures continue to fluctuate, aggravating sinus symptoms. Justin Turner, MD, Ph.D., associate professor of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Gene Activation Predicts Diabetes Diagnosis

Researchers have found a way to identify infants who will go on to develop type 1 diabetes. UQ Diamantina Institute researcher Professor Ranjeny Thomas said the discovery would lead to the development of better screening tests to identify children at highest risk. "Once they have two antibodies, it's highly likely they will go on to develop type 1 diabetes. The study was published in JCI Insight.