All news from Anaesthesiology

Children Who Undergo Tonsillectomy May Have Complications

A Study suggested that researchers determine that Children who undergo tonsillectomy before age three are more likely to have complications afterward than kids who have the surgery when they are older. Researchers studied 1,817 children, ages one to six, who had tonsillectomies at hospitals.

Overall, 95 patients, or 5.2%, had postoperative complications like bleeding, breathing difficulties or dehydration. Kids under three were 50% more likely to have complications than older children. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery

Intestinal Bacteria Can Affect The Blood Sugar And Lipid Levels

The researcher analyzed the influence of changes in intestinal bacteria on sugar and lipid metabolism, they have found that secondary bile acids produced by the bacteria, which can influence blood glucose and lipid concentrations as well as parts of their molecular mechanisms. Intestinal bacteria have attracted recent attention since they were discovered to influence various physiological functions and diseases in humans. The treatment of metabolic diseases such as diabetes and dyslipidemia by targeting intestinal bacteria that produce secondary bile acid.

Hormone Replacement Therapy Shown A Significant Improvement In Patients' Cognitive Function

Researchers shown cortisol replacement therapies, to more closely replicate the secretion patterns of people with normal levels of the hormone, has shown a significant improvement in patients' cognitive function. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS). The findings are potentially important and underline the case for novel therapeutic approaches, as patients on cortisol replacement therapy often have side effects that make it difficult for them to lead normal lives.

Protein From Nuts And Seeds Is Beneficial For The Human Heart

A study conducted by researchers have found that meat protein is associated with a sharp increased risk of heart disease while protein from nuts and seeds is beneficial for the human heart. Titled "Patterns of plant and animal protein intake are strongly associated with cardiovascular mortality: The Adventist Health Study-2 cohort." The study was published in International Journal of Epidemiology, found that people who consumed large amounts of meat protein experienced a 60% increase in cardiovascular disease (CVD), while people who consumed large amounts of protein from nuts and seeds experienced a 40% reduction in CVD.

Erythrocyte Phenotype in a Pregnant Woman of Sri Lanka

The Bombay phenotype is a rare genetic trait which is characterized by the absence of A, B and H antigens on red cells as well as in body secretions. The serum shows the presence of antibodies against antigen H. Patients with this rare blood type are not easily transfusable. We had observed a woman aged 18, at the 20th week of pregnancy, the native of Sri Lanka, with an IgG and IgM class anti-H. Researchers report the case and the clinical issues arose.

Bone Loss In A Space Environment, Including Microgravity, Ionizing Radiation

Bone loss mainly induced by microgravity has been determined as one of the most harmful outcomes observed in astronauts. The complex environment in space, including microgravity, radiation, circadian rhythm, and extreme temperature, may injure human health during long-term space travel. The continuous bone loss may elevate the risk of developing fractures in the skeletal framework of astronauts during or after space missions.

To Compare The Efficacy Of Drugs Used And Duration Of Postoperative Analgesia

Spinal anesthesia is a widely used technique providing faster onset with effective and uniformly distributed sensory and motor block. Due to decreased cardiovascular and central nervous system toxicity, levobupivacaine is a good alternative for spinal anesthesia. Dexmedetomidine, when used intrathecally, is associated with prolonged motor and sensory block, hemodynamic stability, and less requirement of rescue analgesia in 24 hours.