All news from Anaesthesiology

Women Subsistence Farmers for Intestinal Worms Treated

A new study in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) found that treating women subsistence farmers with just a single dose of a cheap deworming medication significantly improved their physical stamina for the grueling agriculture work needed for their family's survival.

The results of treatment could be twofold: improved health for farming women and increased food production by women who have the stamina to farm more efficiently.

Investigation Of The Diagnosed Patients with Bacterial Skin Infections

A retrospective study determines the characteristics of community-acquired bacterial skin infections, to observe their antibiotic susceptibility patterns, and to evaluate factors contributing to the treatment response. Bacterial skin infections occur secondarily in conditions involving a vulnerable skin barrier such as atopic eczema, as well as primarily such as impetigo. Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococci mainly cause them.

Blood and Marrow Transplant: Link between Rare Gene Variants and Survival Benefits

Blood and marrow transplant, or BMT, is a lifesaving and effective treatment for many patients, but the procedure can cause serious and life-threatening complications.

New research out of Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center and The Ohio State University has identified a link between rare variants in a number of novel genes and survival after transplantation of blood and marrow from an unrelated donor, opening avenues for improving individual risk prediction and prognosis for patients undergoing BMT.

Investigation of the Transcriptomic Response Of E.coli To Both Microgravity and Antibiotics

The researcher studied the growth of Bacteria in space experiments under microgravity conditions have been found to undergo unique physiological responses, ranging from modified cell morphology and growth dynamics to a putative increased tolerance to antibiotics. To further characterize the responses, this study investigated the transcriptomic response of Escherichia coli to both microgravity and antibiotic concentration. 

Flu Prevention And Treatment: Novel Approach

This year's flu vaccine has been less effective in protecting people from the most common strain of the virus, compared with recent years. And once people become infected with the flu, there are few good ways to treat it.

Now scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have discovered a new aspect of the flu virus and how it interacts with antibodies in the lungs. This research could lead to a new approach for developing vaccines to prevent the flu, as well as novel treatments for people who are already infected. The study is being published today in the journal Cell Reports

Enzyme Helps Bacteria Recover From Exposure To Antibiotics

A study focused on an Enzyme; Researchers examined the enzyme in gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a pathogen that causes pneumonia and sepsis. Beta-lactam antibiotics, including penicillin, are one of the most widely used classes of antibiotics in the world. Though they have been in use since the 1940s, scientists still don't fully understand what happens when this class of drugs encounters bacteria. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Anesthesia in Several Doses Changes the Brain Structure

A study determines the clinically-utilized anesthetics in sufficient doses changes brain structure and affects cognition and behavior in later life. In the current issue, two of the leading investigators in this field provides an excellent critical review of the literature about children, including recent studies that have contributed significantly to our understanding. Short-Term postoperative changes in behavior are well recognized, but few suspected that anesthesia itself could have long-term neurodevelopmental effects.

A Fossilized Finger Bone Of An Early Modern Human

Researchers have discovered a fossilized finger bone of an early modern human in the Nefud Desert of Saudi Arabia, dating to approximately 90,000 years ago. The study was published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. It is the oldest directly dated Homo sapiens fossil outside of Africa and the Levant and indicates that early dispersals into Eurasia were more expansive than previously thought.