A new study conducted at the Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden has shown that two commonly available iron compounds increase the formation of a known biomarker for cancer. It increases the formation of amphiregulin, a known cancer marker.
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An international group of researchers led by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has identified a new genetic mutation associated with intellectual disability, developmental delay, autism spectrum disorder, abnormal facial features, and congenital cardiac anomalies
Wistar researchers have found that soluble antibodies promote tumor progression by inducing accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in pre-clinical cancer models. Results were published online in Cancer Immunology Research.
Scientists have discovered that kidney cancer follows distinct evolutionary paths, enabling them to detect whether a tumor will be aggressive and revealing that the first seeds of kidney cancer are sown as early as childhood
In the study, researchers suggested that pregnant women who take certain antidepressants may unknowingly compromise the brain development of their child
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted infection that causes diseases that affect both men and women. In the UK, girls are vaccinated against HPV but boys are not.
Though Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPDs) are caused by various factors such as long-term exposure to industrial dust, chemical fumes and other irritants, some pulmonary illnesses also lead to COPD.
COPD is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that makes it difficult to breathe due to obstruction in the airflow from the lungs. Smoking remains the most common cause of COPD that shows various symptoms such as breathlessness, cough, and wheezing.
Cells are the basis of the living world. Our cells make up the tissues and organs of our bodies. Bacteria are also cells, living sometimes alone and sometimes in groups called biofilms. They think of cells mostly as staying in one spot, quietly doing their work. But in many situations, cells move, often very quickly. Then, platelet cells along with proteins from blood gather and form a clot to stop any bleeding. And finally, skin cells surrounding the wound lay down scaffolding before gliding across the cut to close the wound.
Researchers shown the morphology of the inner ear is a good indicator of population history and human dispersal. The early migration of humans out of Africa and across the world can be proven using genetic and morphological analyses. However, morphological data from the skull and skeleton often only allow limited conclusions to be drawn about the geographical dispersal pattern, especially because of the many ways in which the human skeleton adapts to local environmental conditions.
Preprints — scientific manuscripts that are posted at a recognized online repository before peer review — have the potential to speed up the reporting of scientific research in infectious disease outbreaks, argue Michael Johansson and colleagues in an Essay in PLOS Medicine: "The scientific community should not ask why preprints are posted during outbreaks, we should ask why they are not posted…."
Biologists have discovered evidence for a new path of evolution and with it a deeper understanding of how quickly organisms such as viruses can adapt to their environment.
The researchers say their findings, which address longstanding mysteries of how genes acquire new functions and how mutations arise to ease transmission from one host to another, could be applied to investigations of viral diseases such as Zika, Ebola and bird flu.
A comprehensive review of the scientific literature surrounding the psychology of vaccinations has shown that shaping behavior rather than trying to change minds is far more effective at persuading people to get immunized.