Ketamine has been found to be effective in refactory depression. The researchers have developed a nasal spray formulation of ketamine that could help alleviate symptoms of major depression and suicide thoughts, according to a study published in The American Journal of Psychiatry (AJP).
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Type 1 diabetes may increase the risk of muscle complications even amongst youngsters, according to the researchers from McMaster and York universities, who examined muscle biopsies of young adults with and without type 1 diabetes who exceed Diabetes Canada's recommended weekly levels for physical activity.
Being more physically active after suffering a heart attack can halve the risk of dying within four years, according to a study presented at EuroPrevent 2018, a European Society of Cardiology Congress. The chances of survival increased as the amount of exercise rose, researchers say.
New acute and preventive migraine treatment show promise for relieving symptoms in people with migraine that is unsuccessfully treated with the currently available drugs, according to the pilot study to be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 's 70th Annual Meeting in Los Angeles, April 21 to 27, 2018.
Bacteria in the gut, known as the gut microbiome, could be the key driving force behind osteoarthritis, according to the researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center. The study, published in JCI Insight, shows that a high-fat diet can alter gut microbes, increase inflammation throughout the body, and speed deterioration of joints.
A national survey of care home staff, by researchers from the University College London, has found evidence of widespread resident neglect and abusive behavior, which appears to be driven by workload pressures and burn out.
New research has found that many of the viruses infecting us today have ancient evolutionary histories that date back to the first vertebrates and perhaps the first animals in existence.
Over the past decade, minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MIMVS) has grown in popularity. Less invasive approaches to mitral valve surgery are increasingly used for improved cosmesis. Researchers sought to compare these minimally invasive approaches fairly with conventional full sternotomy approaches by using propensity-matching methods.
In general, evidence on what works in addressing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Workplace Violence (WPV) against working women, particularly garment workers is limited worldwide.
Given the massive increase in women’s employment in factories globally, and specifically in Bangladesh, with the potential to increase women’s experiences of violence in the home and workplace, there remains a lack of effective interventions to reduce this.
The present study describes an evaluation of HERrespect, an intervention which aims to address IPV and WPV against female garment workers in and around Dhaka.
Researchers aimed to determine the frequency of life support techniques LLST on ICU admission, associated hospital- and patient-related characteristics, and 30-day survival in patients admitted with LLST. also explored what types of LLST were applied under what conditions.
The difficulties of conducting research on the human gut are substantial: the presence of trillions of bacterial cells interacting with human cells and each other, constant environmental changes every time food is consumed and zero chance of conducting trials that control for all those moving parts.
An international team focused on HIV cure research, established that the CD32 molecule is not a preferential biomarker to identify HIV silent reservoirs within the immune system of patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy (ART), as proposed by a recent landmark study.
Instead, they report that CD32 identifies cells that are actively infected in spite of ART. These results, which have impactful implications for research on HIV eradication, were published in Science Translational Medicine.