All news from Anaesthesiology

Rapid Effect of Ketamine for Depression, Suicidality

Ketamine has been found to be effective in refactory depression. The researchers have developed a nasal spray formulation of ketamine that could help alleviate symptoms of major depression and suicide thoughts, according to a study published in The American Journal of Psychiatry (AJP).

Gut Microbiome: The Culprit Behind Osteoarthritis

Bacteria in the gut, known as the gut microbiome, could be the key driving force behind osteoarthritis, according to the researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center. The study, published in JCI Insight, shows that a high-fat diet can alter gut microbes, increase inflammation throughout the body, and speed deterioration of joints.

Viruses and their Ancient Origins

New research has found that many of the viruses infecting us today have ancient evolutionary histories that date back to the first vertebrates and perhaps the first animals in existence.

HERrespect Intervention: Violence Against Female Garment Workers in Bangladesh Addressed

In general, evidence on what works in addressing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and Workplace Violence (WPV) against working women, particularly garment workers is limited worldwide.

Given the massive increase in women’s employment in factories globally, and specifically in Bangladesh, with the potential to increase women’s experiences of violence in the home and workplace, there remains a lack of effective interventions to reduce this.

The present study describes an evaluation of HERrespect, an intervention which aims to address IPV and WPV against female garment workers in and around Dhaka.

'Gut-on-a-chip' Model: Intestinal Matrix Recreated

The difficulties of conducting research on the human gut are substantial: the presence of trillions of bacterial cells interacting with human cells and each other, constant environmental changes every time food is consumed and zero chance of conducting trials that control for all those moving parts.

HIV Cure and HIV Persistence: Role of CD32 Molecule Addressed

An international team focused on HIV cure research, established that the CD32 molecule is not a preferential biomarker to identify HIV silent reservoirs within the immune system of patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy (ART), as proposed by a recent landmark study.

Instead, they report that CD32 identifies cells that are actively infected in spite of ART. These results, which have impactful implications for research on HIV eradication, were published in Science Translational Medicine