All news from Anaesthesiology

Investigation Of IONM Team's Objective Communication With Anesthesia Providers

Few studies have investigated the IONM team's objective communication with anaesthesia providers. We conducted a retrospective review of IONM-related quality assurance data to identify how changes in the evoked potentials observed during the surgery were communicated within our IONM-anesthesia team and determined the resulting qualitative outcomes. Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) is the standard of care during many spinal, vascular, and intracranial surgeries.

Astronauts Cardiovascular Systems Adapt To Conditions Aboard the ISS

According to a researcher, a little more time on the treadmill may be just what the doctor ordered for Canada's astronauts battling microgravity's effects on circulation. They can improve astronauts' health and may also help understand and prevent falls among frail elderly people on Earth. Shoemaker was co-investigator on the Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Control on Return from the International Space Station (CCISS), which studied the effects of long space missions on astronauts' hearts and the blood vessels that supply the brain. 

To Examine Osteoclast-Mediated Degradation Of Bovine Knee Joint Compartments

Osteoclasts have been strongly implicated in osteoarthritic cartilage degradation, at least indirectly via bone resorption, and have been shown to degrade cartilage in vitro. The osteoclast resorption processes required to degrade subchondral bone and cartilage the remodelling of which is important in the osteoarthritic disease process have not been previously described, although cathepsin K has been indicated to participate. 

Molecules Brilliantly Illuminated Through Infrared Light

A new high-power laser system generates ultrashort pulses of light covering a large share of the mid-infrared spectrum. Molecules are the building blocks of life. They control our biorhythm, and they can also reflect our state of health. A joint venture between Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics (MPQ) in Munich, they want to use brilliant infrared light to study molecular disease markers in much greater detail, for example, to facilitate early-stage cancer diagnosis. 

Heart Cells Progressively Differentiate Into Various Cell Types

A study estimated technology; researchers have gained new insights into the embryonic development of the mouse heart. They discovered that during development, when progenitor heart cells progressively differentiate into various cell types, the Hippo pathway is essential to coordinate the development of these cell types into a working heart. The study was published in the journal Developmental Cell. This technology that provides a 'high-resolution view' of the status of individual cells.

Prevention Of Skin Diseases And Their Measurements

Kids are embarrassed about warts on their hands or face, not wanting to be teased at school. Similarly, the thought of a fungal infection on the skin, like with ringworm, makes many parents shudder with uneasiness. And they are genuinely scared about the spread of any bacterial skin infection like impetigo. Pools, locker rooms, contact sports, and pets all offer opportunities for your kids to catch "icky" skin conditions such as warts, ringworm, and impetigo, they would rather they didn't bring home. 

Patients Come Back To Emergency Rooms After Discharge

To Find Effective Solutions to address this uncertainty and develop a way to measure patient uncertainty the"Uncertainty Scale" (U-Scale). Patients come back to Emergency Rooms after initial discharge for many reasons, but Jefferson emergency medicine physician Kristin Rising saw a common theme during multiple prior interview-based studies: patients feel uncertain. Uncertain how to manage their symptoms, uncertain which symptoms might be a sign of disease worsening, and uncertain where to go with questions. 

Fathers Play An Major Role In Their Children's Physical Activity

Research shows that fathers play an important role in their children's eating and physical activity habits, but a new study has found that dads are rarely included in family-based interventions designed to prevent childhood obesity. This study analyzed 85 family-based interventions for childhood obesity prevention conducted around the world since 2008. They examined scientific studies worldwide that tested childhood obesity prevention interventions, and found fathers are nearly absent. The study was published in the journal Preventive Medicine.

Zika Infection Through Sexual Transmission

Signs of Zika infection can be seen in semen for as long as nine months, but the risk of sexual transmission appears to end in one month, according to a study published Wednesday. The study suggests health officials have been overly cautious in advising couples to abstain from sex or to use condoms for at least six months after a male partner comes down with Zika. The study was published online in the New England Journal of Medicine.