All news from Anaesthesiology

To Compare The Safety Of Early Versus Delayed Oral Feeding After CS Under Spinal Anesthesia

The main aim of this study is to compare the safety of early versus delayed oral feeding after uncomplicated cesarean section (CS) under spinal anaesthesia. Conventionally, oral intake is usually withheld for the first 24 h postcesarean section (CS) because of fear of postoperative paralytic ileus. This practice continues to be perpetuated in clinical settings despite overwhelming evidence of the beneficial effects and safety of early initiation of oral feeding after CS.

Astronauts Suspected To Have Drug For Anxiety And Insomnia

Phenibut was initially developed in the 1960s in Russia as an anti-anxiety (anxiolytic) drug with cognitive enhancing properties. It has since attracted a strong following of users in the "smart drug" market, with claims of boosting memory recall and exam performance. Originally given to Soviet cosmonauts to combat anxiety and insomnia, the powdered drug is suspected to have played a role in the recent overdose of seven teenagers at a Queensland private school.

High-Decibel Music Leads To Short-Term Hearing Loss

A New Study examines that drinking does not help matters, with drunk concertgoers moving closer to loudspeakers. High-decibel music blasting at big concert venues is a known cause of short-term hearing loss. The study of 51 young attendees at an outdoor music festival in the Netherlands found that "when participants consumed more alcohol, they exhibited more dangerous behaviour" tied to hearing loss. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

New Vaccines To Treat Opioid Abuse And Prevent Fatal Opioid Overdoses

Researchers from the University of Minnesota Medical School and Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation at Hennepin Healthcare is developing vaccines against heroin and prescription opioids, such as oxycodone and fentanyl. These vaccines function by using the immune system to produce molecules (antibodies) that target, bind, and prevent opioids from reaching the brain (the site of drug action). Heroin and prescription opioid abuse and fatal overdoses are a public health emergency in the United States. Vaccines offer a potential new strategy to treat opioid abuse and prevent fatal opioid overdoses.

Non-Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor Is Effective in Treating Adults Infected With HIV

According to a study, researchers estimated that Doravirine, an investigational non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), is as effective as ritonavir-boosted darunavir, a protease inhibitor, in treatment-naive adults infected with HIV-1. "Doravirine may be an option for people with HIV who are treatment naive. "Doravirine addresses the disadvantages of current NNRTIs that caused them to be demoted as preferred or recommended treatment options.

Evaluation Of The Prevalence, Risk Factors, And Prognosis Of fungal Infections In adults

A study evaluated the prevalence, risk factors, and prognosis of fungal infections in adults on ECMO. Patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are often among the most severely ill in the intensive care unit. They are often receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics; they have multiple entry points for pathogens, and their immune system is impaired by blood circuit interaction. These factors are thought to predispose them to fungal infections.