All news from Gastroenterology

In New Zealand, The Prevalence of Pain is Increasing

Pain is an extremely common condition and increasing in prevalence in New Zealand, University of Otago researchers say. In the latest issue of the New Zealand Medical Journal out, a team of researchers from the University have written an editorial about pain. Dr. Nicola Swain, Associate Professor in the Department of Psychological Medicine, says pain is the number one reason why people visit their GP.

The New Wearable Device Warns of UV Exposure, Enables Precision Phototherapy

The world's smallest wearable, the battery-free device has been developed by Northwestern Medicine and Northwestern's McCormick School of Engineering scientists to measure exposure to light across multiple wavelengths, from the ultraviolet (UV) to visible and even infrared parts of the solar spectrum. It can record up to three separate wavelengths of light at one time.

New Drug Target Discovered for Potential Blood Pressure Treatment

Scientists have identified a key player in blood pressure regulation and have shown that switching it off reduces blood pressure in mice, according to new research in eLife. Their study ends much uncertainty about the contribution this molecule makes to high blood pressure and could lead to the development of new drugs. High blood pressure affects millions worldwide and is a leading cause of heart attack and stroke.

Rise in Health Risk in Bangladesh with Antibiotics Overuse

The tendency to overuse antibiotics without proper medical supervision was posing a serious danger to public health in the country, doctors and researchers warned yesterday. Bangladeshis were increasingly becoming vulnerable to the exposure of antibiotic-resistant super-bug, they said at a programme titled “Antibiotic-resistant superbug: Public health in danger”. It was organized by Poribesh Bachao Andolon (POBA) in its Dhaka headquarters.

Diabetics can get health insurance easily now

India has the dubious distinction of being the diabetes capital of the world, with a staggering percentage of India's populace suffering from the disease. To complicate the issue not many insurance companies traditionally covered against the disease; a fact that is happily changing.

Rift Valley Fever is Catastrophic to Developing Fetuses, Reasons Uncovered

Like Zika, infection with Rift Valley fever virus can go unnoticed during pregnancy, all the while doing irreparable—often lethal—harm to the fetus. The results of a new study, led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research (CVR), underscore the importance of disease prevention for pregnant women and set the stage for vaccine development.

Tissue Chips Rocket to ISS, NIH Funds

Scientists have recently sent tissue chips, a research technology that reflects the human body, into space. On Dec. 4, the first set of NIH-funded tissue chips that model aspects of the human immune system will launch on SpaceX's 16th commercial resupply mission (awarded by NASA) from Cape Canaveral, Florida, to the ISS National Lab.

Brain Hears and Fears, More Insights

How is it that a sound can send a chill down your spine? By observing individual brain cells of mice, scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) are understanding how a sound can incite fear. 

Investigator Bo Li focuses on a part of the mouse brain called the amygdala where sights, sounds, and other stimuli take on positive or negative associations through experience. The continuous process of learning and unlearning that occurs in the amygdala appears impaired in people with anxiety disorders or major depression. Understanding brain cell, or neuron activity in the amygdala could result in better treatments.

Monitoring of Microbial Growth Using Electrochemical Techniques

Savannah River National Laboratory, in collaboration with Clemson University, the University of South Carolina and Savannah River Consulting LLC, has demonstrated the use of electrochemical techniques to monitor the growth status and energy levels of microorganisms used in biotechnology industries. As published in a recent Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Express article, the techniques monitor the microbes in real time, improving the cost-effectiveness of the results compared to conventional sampling and analysis.

Child's Asthma Risk Increased with Lengthy Time to Conception and Fertility Treatment

Children whose parents take more than a year to get pregnant and who use fertility treatment may be at heightened risk of developing asthma, suggests a large population-based study, published online in the journal Thorax.

And this risk seems to rise in tandem with the number of previous miscarriages early in the mum's pregnancy, suggesting that common factors underlying poorer (sub) fertility and recurrent miscarriages might be influential, say the study authors.