All news from Anaesthesiology

Glycine Formation By The Simple Amino Acids

A laboratory experiment that mimics astrophysical conditions, with cryogenic temperatures in an ultrahigh vacuum, scientists used an electron gun to irradiate thin sheets of ice covered in basic molecules of methane, ammonia and carbon dioxide. These simple molecules are ingredients for the building blocks of life. The experiment tested how the combination of electrons and basic matter leads to more complex biomolecule forms and perhaps eventually to life forms. The study was published in the Journal of Chemical Physics.

Anesthesia Given To Children Have Lower Their IQs

A Mayo Clinic study finds no evidence that children given anaesthesia before their third birthdays have lower IQs than those who did not have it. A more complex picture emerges among people who had anaesthesia several times as small children: Although their intelligence is comparable, they score modestly lower on tests measuring fine motor skills, and their parents are more likely to report behavioural and learning problems. The study was published in Anesthesiology.

A New Automated Text Messaging Service May Curb Opioid Abuse

According to researchers, a new automated text messaging service may curb opioid abuse and reduce the likelihood of relapse while also decreasing treatment costs. The service provides automated text messages and phone calls to patients being treated for opioid addiction. Such messages ask patients if they're feeling OK or struggling with potential relapse. Patients also can activate a panic button for immediate help. The study was published in NEJM Catalyst.

Admission To The ICU Outside Daytime Hours

The importance of early resuscitation in critical illness is well described. Admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) outside daytime hours has been shown to be variably associated with increased morbidity and mortality. They aimed to describe the characteristics and outcomes of patients admitted to the ICU after hours (22:00–06:59 h) in a large Canadian health region. They further hypothesized that the association between afterhours admission and mortality would be modified by indicators of strained ICU capacity.

Heart Disease May Only Be A Matter Of Time For Those With Healthy Obesity

People who are 30 pounds or more overweight may want to slim down a bit even if they don't have high blood pressure or any other heart disease risk, according to scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. Researchers found that slightly less than half of the people who were considered obese 30 pounds or more overweight developed metabolic syndrome within 10 years, putting them at a much higher risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The study was published in the  Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

New Mutations Found In Thyroid Cancer Genetics

Researchers worked on the largest-ever study of thyroid cancer genetics, mining the data of 583 patient samples of advanced differentiated thyroid cancer and 196 anaplastic thyroid cancers. In addition to the identification of specific genes that may drive these cancers and thus provide attractive targets for treatment, the researchers found that in several samples of advanced differentiated and anaplastic thyroid cancer, mechanisms meant to repair faulty DNA had been broken.

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Lead By Bariatric Surgery

According to a new study, researchers examine the key for developing drug alternatives to surgery. Bariatric surgery has long yielded almost immediate health benefits for patients with type 2 diabetes. "One of the things that bariatric surgery does is cause type 2 diabetes remission," said Bethany Cummings. The study was published in Cell Reports.