All news from Anaesthesiology

Patients in Major Prostate Cancer Study Have High Mortality Risks

Researchers at Henry Ford Hospital compared the patient population of a major U.S. prostate cancer study with patients found in three U.S. cancer databases, ultimately finding the patients of the study to be inconsistent with the average prostate cancer patient. The researchers found the patients of the Prostate Cancer Intervention versus Observation Trial (PIVOT) to be between three and eight times more likely to die than real-world patients.

Prostate Cancer: High Risks Identified with a Better Method

To catch prostate cancer at earlier stages, when it's more easily treated, many institutions do community outreach and education sessions to explain why cancer screenings can be life-saving. In order to have the highest impact, however, institutions must select where to focus their efforts.

Prostate cancer is most common among African American men and can be more aggressive in African American and men in a low socioeconomic bracket. Therefore, many institutions base their outreach on these two demographic factors. However, work recently published in the journal Preventive Medicine shows that this may not be the best approach and offers another method for identifying areas with the highest prostate cancer burden.

Enzymes React In A Particular Temperature

Researchers examine the wiggling and jiggling of atoms. They explained this 'wiggling and jiggling' of the atoms in enzymes the proteins that make biological reactions happen is 'choreographed' to make them work at a particular temperature. Enzyme catalysis is essential to life, and this research sheds light on how enzymes have evolved and adapted, enabling organisms to evolve to live at different temperatures.

Small Amounts Of Sun Exposure Leads Skin Damage

A study assesses that encouraging parents and carers to ensure the even more rigorous protection of children against the harmful effects of the sun. The comments follow a study which has suggested that children may experience much more significant DNA damage from small amounts of sun exposure than adults. The new study of 32 children under the age of 10 was undertaken at a 12-day summer camp in Poland. The study was published in the British Journal of Dermatology.