More cases of suspected cancer can today be identified early in primary care. Partly based on symptoms but also statistics on the patients' visits to health centres, indicates research from Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
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Researchers at Henry Ford Hospital compared the patient population of a major U.S. prostate cancer study with patients found in three U.S. cancer databases, ultimately finding the patients of the study to be inconsistent with the average prostate cancer patient. The researchers found the patients of the Prostate Cancer Intervention versus Observation Trial (PIVOT) to be between three and eight times more likely to die than real-world patients.
To catch prostate cancer at earlier stages, when it's more easily treated, many institutions do community outreach and education sessions to explain why cancer screenings can be life-saving. In order to have the highest impact, however, institutions must select where to focus their efforts.
Prostate cancer is most common among African American men and can be more aggressive in African American and men in a low socioeconomic bracket. Therefore, many institutions base their outreach on these two demographic factors. However, work recently published in the journal Preventive Medicine shows that this may not be the best approach and offers another method for identifying areas with the highest prostate cancer burden.
Researchers examine the wiggling and jiggling of atoms. They explained this 'wiggling and jiggling' of the atoms in enzymes the proteins that make biological reactions happen is 'choreographed' to make them work at a particular temperature. Enzyme catalysis is essential to life, and this research sheds light on how enzymes have evolved and adapted, enabling organisms to evolve to live at different temperatures.
Treatment with intraventricular cerliponsase alfa may decrease motor and language function declines in children with infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 (CLN2), new research suggests
According to the research, Postmenopausal women who have chronic pelvic pain (CPP) may also have problems with their balance and posture, a small study from Spain suggests.
According to the study, researchers suggest that in cataract surgery for young children, intraocular-lens power calculations may introduce error and overcorrection
New evidence from a Cochrane review published today, led by a University of Birmingham scientist, suggests that alternative drugs may be more effective than the standard drug currently used to stop women bleeding after childbirth
A collaborative team of researchers at McLean Hospital, a Harvard Medical School affiliate, and Oxford University has found that elevated levels of certain types of lipids (fat molecules) in the brain may be an early sign of Parkinson's disease (PD)
A sepsis awareness and management program has demonstrated overall success in terms of improved sepsis detection but has led to an increase in the number of E. coli bloodstream infection cases presented, study reports
A study assesses that encouraging parents and carers to ensure the even more rigorous protection of children against the harmful effects of the sun. The comments follow a study which has suggested that children may experience much more significant DNA damage from small amounts of sun exposure than adults. The new study of 32 children under the age of 10 was undertaken at a 12-day summer camp in Poland. The study was published in the British Journal of Dermatology.