All news from Anaesthesiology

Risk Of A Drug Overdose In Adolescents And Young Adults

A team of researchers have identified factors that may increase the risk of a drug overdose in adolescents and young adults. They describe finding that more than a quarter of those seeking treatment at Addiction Recovery Management Service, an MGH-based outpatient substance-use-disorder treatment program for youth ages 14 to 26, had a history of at least one overdose. Factors associated with increased overdose risk were disorders involving the use of alcohol, cocaine or amphetamines and histories of depression, anxiety or eating disorders. The study was published online in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Marijuana Could Significantly Reduce The Chronic Pain

A study estimates that researchers report show up to 65% of older adults who use medical marijuana significantly reduced their chronic pain and dependence on opioid painkillers. A questionnaire of older men and women suffering from chronic pain who were given medical marijuana found that the drug significantly reduced pain and their need for opioid painkillers.

Anatomy Of Cranial Nerve Foramina Of The Anterior And Middle Fossa

The study is focused on the foramina of the anterior and middle cranial fossae, discussing each foramen’s shape, orientation, size, surrounding structures, and structures that traverse them. Cranial nerve foramina are integral exits from the confines of the skull. Despite their significance in cranial nerve pathologies, there has been no comprehensive anatomical review of these structures. Furthermore, by comparing the size of each foramen against the cross-sectional areas of its contents, they estimate the amount of free space in each. They also review lesions that can obstruct the foramina and discuss their clinical consequences.

DNA amplification Aboard The International Space Station

A study describes the range and duration of human ventures into space increase; it becomes imperative that they understand the effects of the cosmic environment on astronaut health. Molecular technologies now widely used in research and medicine will need to become available in space to ensure appropriate care of astronauts. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the gold standard for DNA analysis, yet its potential for use on-orbit remains under-explored.