A team of researchers have identified factors that may increase the risk of a drug overdose in adolescents and young adults. They describe finding that more than a quarter of those seeking treatment at Addiction Recovery Management Service, an MGH-based outpatient substance-use-disorder treatment program for youth ages 14 to 26, had a history of at least one overdose. Factors associated with increased overdose risk were disorders involving the use of alcohol, cocaine or amphetamines and histories of depression, anxiety or eating disorders. The study was published online in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.
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A study estimates that researchers report show up to 65% of older adults who use medical marijuana significantly reduced their chronic pain and dependence on opioid painkillers. A questionnaire of older men and women suffering from chronic pain who were given medical marijuana found that the drug significantly reduced pain and their need for opioid painkillers.
The study is focused on the foramina of the anterior and middle cranial fossae, discussing each foramen’s shape, orientation, size, surrounding structures, and structures that traverse them. Cranial nerve foramina are integral exits from the confines of the skull. Despite their significance in cranial nerve pathologies, there has been no comprehensive anatomical review of these structures. Furthermore, by comparing the size of each foramen against the cross-sectional areas of its contents, they estimate the amount of free space in each. They also review lesions that can obstruct the foramina and discuss their clinical consequences.
A diet rich in fish and legumes might help to delay the natural menopause, while high dietary intake of refined carbs, such as pasta and rice, may instead help to hasten it, suggests the first UK study of its kind.
Testing blood for a biological marker called suPAR could help better assess the risk of death among African-Americans with Type 2 diabetes, according to a new study. suPAR is a protein marker that indicates inflammation in the blood.
The study, published in Nature Communications and carried out in collaboration with the Academic Medical Center, Netherlands, and Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Russia, focussed on T-cells that control the immune system.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has expanded approval for a personalized cellular therapy developed at the University of Pennsylvania's Abramson Cancer Center, for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed large B-Cell lymphoma.
A study describes the range and duration of human ventures into space increase; it becomes imperative that they understand the effects of the cosmic environment on astronaut health. Molecular technologies now widely used in research and medicine will need to become available in space to ensure appropriate care of astronauts. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the gold standard for DNA analysis, yet its potential for use on-orbit remains under-explored.
Researchers at Intermountain Healthcare and the University of Utah Health in Salt Lake City have completed a study identifying how community hospitals could prevent the growth of antibiotic-resistant organisms which are becoming more common and deadly.
Retirement transition may influence living habits and time use. The researchers of the University of Turku, Finland, found that retirement transition also has an impact on the amount of sitting during free time.
Improved care for patients undergoing cancer surgery is the focus of a pioneering worldwide study. The initiative funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) would enable to gauge surgery quality across the globe and improve patient care.
Antidepressants, drugs for Parkinson's disease, and urologic medications that have definite anticholinergic activity increase the risk of developing dementia up to 20 years after exposure, according to a large study from the United Kingdom.