All news from Anaesthesiology

Formate Limits Neural Tube Defects

In the present study, a multi-institutional research team has developed a novel folic acid-resistant neural tube defect mouse model of the human condition by silencing the Slc25a32 gene, and, in most of the mutant mice, neural tube defects can be prevented by formate supplementation

 

Exendin-4: Cocaine Relapse Reduced

Cocaine and other drugs of abuse hijack the natural reward circuits in the brain. In part, that is why it is so hard to quit using these substances. Moreover, relapse rates hover between 40 and 60%, similar to rates for other chronic conditions like hypertension and Type 1 diabetes.

Bionic Suit: Paralyzed Patients Benefited

Patients undergoing physical rehabilitation at Rush for paralyzing injuries are being aided by a robotic suit designed to help raise people to full height and walk.Rush is the only medical centre in Chicago and one of only 98 facilities in the world offering the EksoGT robotic exoskeleton device for clinical therapy for both inpatients and outpatients.

Lack of Knowledge of Inhaler Devices Use among COPD Patients, New Findings

Inhaled medications play an important role in treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, and it is imperative that the inhaler device be used properly to effectively treat the disease.

However, in a recently released study in the Journal of the COPD Foundation, researchers found that healthcare providers and patients prioritize medication over the device when selecting treatments, showing limited concerns about proper device use.

Wearable Biosensing Devices Use in Measuring Sweat

When people sweat, they unknowingly release a wide range of chemicals that can noninvasively inform clinicians on anything from stress hormone levels to glucose. An international team of researchers recently developed a new membrane that mitigates both issues that arise from direct dermal contact and sweat dilution for sweat biosensors. The membrane performs hundreds of times better than other methods and holds up to repeated use.

New Approach To Eliminate HIV

Researchers have provided new insight into the cellular processes behind the 'shock and kill' approach to curing HIV, which they say challenges the effectiveness of the treatment. Their study, published in the journal eLife, suggests the need to explore alternative treatment strategies against HIV — a virus which 36.7 million people globally were living with in 2016, with 1.8 million people becoming newly infected in the same year, according to figures from UNAIDS.