All news from Anaesthesiology

Taking Care Of A Ill Patient During End Of Life

A study declines that taking care of illness during a terminal period, due to infection or trauma. When they are older caused by chronic medical conditions such as heart, kidney or lung disease, diabetes or dementia. The good news is that we are living longer. The bad news is that many more of us will live long enough to die from complicated health conditions which often need care over many months or even years.

Early Detection Of Melanoma With Skin Cancer Awareness

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States. It is estimated that one in five Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime, and one person dies from melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, every hour. Dermatologists encourage everyone to be a 'Skin Cancer Hero' by learning this life-saving behaviour in conjunction with Skin Cancer Awareness Month and Melanoma Monday.

A Small Molecule Blocks The Transfer Of Tau Aggregates From Cell To Cell

Researchers have observed a promising drug strategy that blocks tau transmission. Alzheimer's disease destroys brain cells in part by promoting the formation of insoluble clumps that contain a protein called tau. Not only are these "tau aggregates" toxic for the cells that harbor them, but they also invade and destroy neighboring brain cells, or neurons, which speeds the cognitive decline associated with the Alzheimer's. The study was published online in the journal Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications.

Analysis Showed That Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

The AVIATOR 2 is a multicenter prospective observational study of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in 11 international sites. The use of a novel smartphone-based survey was used to capture physician and patient perspectives regarding antithrombotic therapies (ATT) after PCI. Results of the AVIATOR 2 international registry are being presented as late-breaking clinical science at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 2018 Scientific Sessions.

Optical Microscopy Can Visualize Ultra-High-Resolution Images

Researchers have developed a novel method for optical microscopy. Using biological motors and single quantum dots, they acquire ultra-high-resolution images. The resolution of conventional optical microscopy is limited by the fundamental physical principle of diffraction to about one half of the wavelength of the light: If the distance between two objects is smaller than this so-called "diffraction limit," they can no longer be visually separated their image appears "blurred ."

To acquire optical images at the scale of few nanometers, this is clearly not sufficient. The study was published in the journal Nature Nanotechnology. In a new study, physicists from the Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (JMU) and the Technische Universität Dresden now show that it is possible to measure these near-fields with significantly less effort. They used a biomolecular transport system to slide many extremely small optical nano-probes over a surface.

Developing Neocortex Neurons Undergoes Morphological Changes In Brain

Researchers have found that developing neocortex neurons in mammals undergo a morphological transition from a multipolar shape to a bipolar shape due at least partially to signaling in neuronal migration during brain development. They used to study the process by which the neocortex develops in mammals and what they found. The study was published in the journal Science.

Diabetes Mellitus Patients Commonly Have Perioperative MACCEs

According to a study, researchers examine that Perioperative major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) are more common among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Patients undergoing noncardiac surgery frequently have diabetes mellitus (DM) and an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease. It is unknown whether temporal declines in the frequency of perioperative major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) apply to patients with DM. The study was published in Diabetes Care

Lower Mortality Rates with Culprits Compared To Multivessel Intervention

A study shows lower mortality rates when culprit-only intervention is used for patients with multivessel disease (MVD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with cardiogenic shock (CS). The authors compared culprit vessel intervention (CVI) to multivessel intervention (MVI) and presented the results today as late-breaking clinical science at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 2018 Scientific Sessions.