All news from Anaesthesiology

Palliative Care For People With Dementia And Hip Fracture

Researchers have conducted a study to examine outcomes in nursing home residents with advanced dementia and hip fracture. They discovered that advanced dementia residents have a lower mortality rate after 6 months if they undergo surgical repair. Those advanced dementia patients managed with surgery also reported less pain and fewer pressure ulcers than those whose proxies chose a palliative care approach in lieu of surgery. The study was published in the JAMA Internal Medicine.

Health Department Epidemiologists Detects Foodborne Illness And Outbreaks In NYC Restaurants

A study has developed a system with Health Department epidemiologists which detects foodborne illness and outbreaks in NYC restaurants based on keywords in Yelp reviews. Using Yelp, 311, and reports from health care providers, the Health Department has identified and investigated approximately 28,000 complaints of suspected foodborne illness overall since 2012. The study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

New Treatment For Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

A study determined that exposure to extremely loud noises can lead to a permanent hearing loss. But knowing how to treat noise-induced hearing loss, which affects about 15% of Americans, has largely remained a mystery. That may eventually change, thanks to new research from the Keck School of Medicine of USC, which sheds light on how noise-induced hearing loss happens and shows how a simple injection of a salt or sugar-based solution into the middle ear may preserve hearing. The study was published in PNAS.

New Genes Regulating Biological Process And Impacts on Health

A study examines that working night shifts may, in the long run, have an impact on your health. Researchers team have discovered that genes regulating important biological processes are incapable of adapting to new sleeping and eating patterns and that most of them stay tuned to their daytime biological clock rhythms. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. They were able to show the impact that a four-day simulation of night shift work had on the expression of 20,000 genes.

To evaluate the effects of rTMS On Suicidal Ideation

According to a study, researchers examined a specific kind of brain stimulation, which is effective in reducing suicidal thinking in a significant portion of people with hard-to-treat depression. Forty percent of people in the study reported that they no longer experienced suicidal thoughts after receiving bilateral repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). The study was published in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

A Huge Molecule In Cell Membranes Is The Lipid Phosphatidylcholine

According to a study, researcher declines that the most abundant molecule in cell membranes is the lipid phosphatidylcholine (PC, commonly known as lecithin), the enzymes responsible for synthesizing it are essential. They used computer simulations to gain insights into how one of these enzymes activates and shuts off PC production. These results could help researchers understand that small changes in this enzyme can lead to conditions like blindness and dwarfism. The study was published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Study Of Atrial Fibrillation In Lab

Researchers have discovered a way turn pluripotent stem cells into atrial cells, which make up the upper chambers, or atria, of the heart. The discovery will enable them to better study atrial fibrillation, the most common heart rhythm disorder also known as AFib, which originates in the heart's atria. They obtained blood cells from healthy volunteers, activated genes to make the cells pluripotent, a type of stem cell that can become any cell type in the body and treated the cells with vitamin A. The study was published in the journal Stem Cell Reports.

New Identification Of Brain Stem Cells

A study estimates that the human nervous system is a complex structure that sends electrical signals from the brain to the rest of the body, enabling us to move and think. Unfortunately, when brain cells are damaged by trauma or disease they don't automatically regenerate. This can lead to permanent disability. The study was published in the journal Cell