All news from Anaesthesiology

PTSD: MDMA-assisted psychotherapy Benefits

When lasting trauma is caused by callous acts of violence, the key to recovery can be making meaning out of meaninglessness. Although such trauma is difficult to treat, the drug MDMA – known on the street as Ecstasy or Molly – appears to help when used as an adjunct to psychotherapy.

Children with Brain Injuries Transition Back to School

Children with brain injuries face significant challenges when transitioning from hospital or home to school where they face issues such as lack of educator understanding and catching up with missed work. In the current issue of NeuroRehabilitation, leading researchers in the field of pediatric brain injury from across the globe identify today's key issues in supporting children and youth with brain injuries as they transition to school or college.

Asthma Outcomes Varied Despite Overall Improvements in Care

Asthma outcomes still vary widely across England and appear to be influenced by region and affluence despite falling rates of asthma deaths, emergency hospital admissions and prevalence, suggests a study published in the journal Thorax. However, it appears that amongst younger people, asthma deaths rates are falling in the poorest parts of the population compared with the wealthiest.

Pediatric asthma: Strategies to Reduce Kids Readmission at Hospitals

Pediatric asthma takes a heavy toll on patients and families alike. Affecting more than 7 million children in the U.S., it's the most common nonsurgical diagnosis for pediatric hospital admission, with costs of more than $570 million annually.

Understanding how to care for these young patients has significantly improved in the last several decades, leading the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to issue evidence-based guidelines on pediatric asthma in 1990. Despite knowing more about this respiratory ailment, overall morbidity–measured by attack rates, pediatric emergency department visits or hospitalizations–has not decreased over the last decade.

Antibiotic Resistance to Gonorrhea Strains Across Europe

The first European-wide genomic survey of gonorrhea has mapped antibiotic resistance in this sexually transmitted disease throughout the continent. Researchers also showed that using DNA sequencing data they could accurately determine antibiotic resistance and identify incorrect laboratory test results. This genomic approach could one day help doctors prescribe the most effective antibiotics for each region.

Malaria Infections: Detection With Aid of Volatile Biomarkers

Malaria is still a deadly disease in tropical and subtropical regions. Every year the disease infects more than 200 million people worldwide, claiming several hundred thousand victims. Children are particularly vulnerable, with 90% of the victims under the age of five, according to the WHO. Not only can malaria kill people, but it also impairs survivors' quality of life and is a significant hindrance to economic development in the countries where it is prevalent.

Role of a Molecule in Combating Common Cold Virus

Researchers have lab-tested a molecule that can combat the common cold virus by preventing it from hijacking human cells. Early lab-based tests with human cells have shown the molecule's ability to completely block multiple strains of the cold virus, and the team hope to move to animal and then human trials. The results of initial tests are published today in the journal Nature Chemistry.