All news from Anaesthesiology

Impact of CA-MRSA Infections on Athletes

The incidence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection in high school and college athletes remains high, and those practicing contact sports lead the pack, according to a new study.

Blood Transfusions Through Genome Sequencing, A New Era

Most people are familiar with A, B, AB and O blood types, but there are hundreds of additional blood group "antigens" on red blood cells—substances that can trigger the body's immune response—that differ from person to person. Each year, up to 16 deaths reported to the Federal Drug Administration are attributed to mismatches in red blood cell antigens that are not related to differences in A, B, and O blood groups.

Currently, no method is available that can determine all blood antigens. But as whole genome sequencing becomes routine for patients, it may be possible to modernize therapy by identifying both rare donors and at-risk recipients before blood transfusions.

UroLift System: Management of BPH

NeoTract, a wholly owned subsidiary of Teleflex Incorporated focused on addressing unmet needs in the field of urology, today announced that the American Urological Association (AUA) has recommended the use of the UroLift® System as a standard of care treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Feeling More Anxious Than Before Seen In Americans

A new study showed that Americans are becoming more anxious about their safety, health, finances, politics, and relationships. Compared to the results of a similar poll a year earlier, 39% of adults in the U.S. are more anxious today than they were a year ago. The study finds from American Psychiatric Association.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Disrupts The Heart's Normal Function

According to a study, researchers have discovered a genetic mutation linked to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) disrupts the heart's normal function. They revealed that the mutation prevents the heart from increasing the amount of force it produces when it needs to pump additional blood around the body. The study was published in the Journal of General Physiology, reveals that the mutation prevents the heart from increasing the amount of force it produces when it needs to pump additional blood around the body.

Protein Complex Plays A Major Role In Gene Expression

Researchers have a deeper understanding of a large switch/sucrose nonfermentable (SWI/SNF) protein complex that plays a pivotal role in plant and human gene expression that causes life-threatening diseases such as cancer. A team of scientists in the department of biochemistry and biophysics and Institute for Plant Genomics and Biotechnology at Texas A&M University in College Station. The study was published in the journal Nature.

Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Reveals Effects Of Targeted treatments

Researchers investigated the mechanisms behind a potential targeted treatment for a subtype of the deadly brains tumors called gliomas. They describe using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) imaging which reflects metabolic rather than structural aspects of tissues to determine whether treatment with an investigational IDH1 inhibitor reduced levels of a tumor-associated metabolite in patients with IDH1-mutated gliomas participating in a clinical trial. The study was published in Nature Communications.

To Compare Spinal-Epidural With Epidural Analgesia And Their Effects

A study is to determine combined spinal-epidural with epidural analgesia in terms of their effect on duration of stage I labor, maternal, and neonatal outcomes. Neuraxial anesthesia is considered as the gold standard in the control labor of pain. Its variants are epidural analgesia and combined spinal–epidural analgesia. Few studies, as yet, have investigated the duration of labor as a primary outcome. Some authors have suggested that combined spinal-epidural analgesia may reduce labor duration but at the moment the benefit of shortening labor is uncertain.