All news from Anaesthesiology

Compassion Meditation Training: Boosts Brain's Resilience to Others' Suffering

A new study suggests that as little as two weeks of compassion meditation training — intentionally cultivating positive wishes to understand and relieve the suffering of others — may reduce the distress a person feels when witnessing another's suffering. The findings may have implications for professions in which people routinely work with others who are suffering, like doctors, law enforcement officers and first responders.

Pulmonary Medicine: Groundbreaking Approaches

Bacteriophage therapy for multidrug-resistant bacteria, new insights into sepsis treatment, and bioengineering approaches to respiratory medicine are all in the spotlight at the upcoming American Thoracic Society (ATS) 2018 International Conference in San Diego.

Effectiveness of Tranexamic Acid Against Stroke

Patients with stroke caused by bleeding on the brain (intracerebral haemorrhage) may benefit from receiving a drug currently used to treat blood loss from major trauma and bleeding after childbirth, an international trial has revealed.

Novel Approach Against HIV transmission

Scientists at the University of Waterloo have developed a new tool to protect women from HIV infection. The tool, a vaginal implant, decreases the number of cells that the HIV virus can target in a woman's genital tract. Unlike conventional methods of HIV prevention, such as condoms or anti-HIV drugs, the implant takes advantage of some people's natural immunity to the virus.

Promising Approach for Chikungunya Cure

Scientists have identified a molecule found on human cells and some animal cells that could be a useful target for drugs against chikungunya virus infection and related diseases, according to new research published in the journal Nature.

A team led by scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis conducted the research, which was funded in part by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health.

Healthcare: Largest Scheme in India

Ayushman Bharat aims to cover over 10 crore families with a comprehensive health coverage of up to 5 lakh per family per year. The scheme is set to be the world’s largest healthcare programme.

Flu virus: Benefits of A high-fiber diet

Dietary fiber increases survival in influenza-infected mice by setting the immune system at a healthy level of responsiveness, according to a preclinical study published May 15th in the journal Immunity. A high-fiber diet blunts harmful, excessive immune responses in the lungs while boosting antiviral immunity by activating T cells.

These dual benefits were mediated by changes in the composition of gut bacteria, leading to an increase in the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) through the microbial fermentation of dietary fiber.

Finasteride: Risk of Prostate Cancer Death Not Increased

Twenty five years after it opened for enrollment, the landmark Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial has delivered a final verdict. Finasteride, a common hormone-blocking drug, reduces mens' risk of getting prostate cancer without increasing their risk of dying from the disease. Initial study findings suggested there may be a link between use of the drug and a more lethal form of prostate cancer, but long-term follow-up shows that is not true.