All news from Anaesthesiology

Efficacy of Canakinumab Confirmed

Recognition that three unrelated rare fever syndromes are all mediated by a single interleukin opened a new approach for controlling flares in the diseases.

A clinical trial including cohorts of patients who have colchicine-resistant familial Mediterranean fever (crFMF), mevalonate kinase deficiency, or the tumor necrosis factor receptor–associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) confirmed that the interleukin 1β inhibitor canakinumab (Ilaris, Novartis) effectively controlled or prevented flares in all three diseases, researchers reported.

R-PRT program Gives a Lethal Hit to Injury

When Sgt. Jessica Bowman was placed on a medical profile for a knee injury, her company commander enrolled her into a new Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (LRMC) program designed to rehabilitate Soldiers with injuries and pain.

For five weeks, Bowman joined a group of other LRMC Soldiers on profile in the Reconditioning Physical Readiness Training at 5 a.m. every weekday to work on muscle strengthening techniques and movement exercises. The program instructors customized a rehabilitation plan with a goal of better knee mobility, less pain and ultimately the removal of her medical profile.

Ozone Exposure Linked to Childhood Athma, Findings

A long-term study of the health of Canadian children has found that exposure to ozone (O3), a common air pollutant, at birth was associated with an 82 percent increased risk of developing asthma by age three. The study, which was a 10-year follow-up to the 2006 Toronto Child Health Evaluation Questionnaire (T-CHEQ), was presented at the 2018 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Detection of Malaria With the aid Of a New Portable Device

According to the World Health Organization, over 216 million people were infected with malaria in 2016, and 445,000 individuals died from the disease. The key to solving this health crisis is early-stage diagnosis when malaria therapeutics are most effective. A new prototype for a portable instrument capable early-stage malaria detection has been developed by a team of researchers at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering.

Medicaid Expansion linked to Reduction in ICU Utilization

A new study suggests that states that expanded their Medicaid programs under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) saw a decline in ICU utilization among patients hospitalized for conditions for which hospitalizations may have been prevented through early interventions. Medicaid expansion was also associated with an early adoption of insurance coverage among patients hospitalized with these conditions. The study was presented at the 2018 American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Health and Diagnostics: Digitalization with Advent of AI

Despite the fact that health in general globally is facing several challenges including antibiotic resistance, lack of accessible and affordable health care, rise of chronic and untreatable diseases such as dementia, there is a ray of hope in the advent of technology in healthcare.

Effectiveness of Single-tablet HIV treatment

HIV patients on a single-tablet daily regimen had better treatment retention and viral suppression than patients taking multiple pills, in a study by a Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center researcher and his colleagues.

The results were published in the Feb. 25, 2018, issue of AIDS Care.

Management of Diarrhoel Disease in Bangladesh

In Dhaka, Bangladesh, two-month-old Sammiya flops lifelessly in her mother’s arms, her eyes glazed over. She is suffering from diarrhoea. This may not sound life-threatening – for most of us (in the West) diarrhoea is unpleasant, it might ruin a holiday or mean a few days off work at worst – but for many people across the world it is a killer.

Experimental Treatment for Ebola Evaluated

A first-in-human trial evaluating an experimental treatment for Ebola virus disease has begun at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland. The Phase 1 clinical trial is examining the safety and tolerability of a single monoclonal antibody called mAb114, which was developed by scientists at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of NIH, and their collaborators. Investigators aim to enroll between 18 and 30 healthy volunteers aged 18 to 60. The trial will not expose participants to Ebola virus.

Comparitively 20% Lower Rates Offered By Modicare Than CGHS

In a move likely to set new pricing standards for medical procedures in the country, the government-sponsored National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS), popularly known as Modicare, will offer common treatments such as coronary bypass, knee transplant and C-section at a rate which is around 15-20% lower than Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS), which provides comprehensive medical care to government servants, pensioners and their dependants.

Improvement in Body Composition in Women

It's known that men benefit from whey protein supplements and exercise, and for what is believed to be the first time, the same can be said for women, according to a large study review by Purdue University nutrition experts.