Recording the causes of mortality and using that data to drive public health interventions like drug and vaccine procurement, running screening and awareness campaigns, and providing secondary and tertiary care under health insurance schemes can help public health achieve better outcomes.
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While we know high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is time-efficient and good for our health, researchers are still curious to determine if less active users are willing to do it. In fact, limited research has examined exactly how inactive people perceive HIIT–which consists of multiple short bouts of intense exercise, says Matthew Stork, a PhD candidate in the school of Health and Exercise Sciences at UBC's Okanagan campus.
Switzerland's pragmatic HIV prevention policy for intravenous drug users has been extremely successful. Thousands of HIV infections and AIDS cases have been prevented thanks to harm reduction measures, as shown by an analysis by the University of Zurich, the University Hospital Zurich and the Swiss HIV Cohort Study.
Antibody therapy developed at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences as a treatment against the Nipah and Hendra viruses has led to an agreement for development of a human vaccine against the two deadly viruses. The USU-HJF Joint Technology Transfer Office licensed the technology, which is supported by the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI).
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) give rise to blood and immune cells, and are therefore essential for survival. The group of Manuela Baccarini at the Max F. Perutz Laboratories, a joint venture of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna, has now shown how intracellular signaling can safeguard this delicate balance between activation and dormancy. Their results are published in the prominent journal Cell Stem Cell.
A study by an international team of researchers from University Children's Hospital Bern and the Autonomous University of Barcelona has discovered how the production of specific human sex hormones known as androgens is interrupted. These findings can help in development of new therapeutic approaches, as the overproduction of androgens is associated with many diseases including prostate cancer in men and polycystic ovary syndrome in women.
In response to antibiotics, a gene regulation network found in the bacterium Acinetobacter baumannii acts to boost both virulence and antibiotic resistance. Edward Geisinger of Tufts University School of Medicine and colleagues present new insights into this system in a study published in PLOS Pathogens
A substantial proportion of parents do not follow the advice they are being given to make sleep safer for their baby. This is one of the findings of the Safe Sleep Survey, whose results were published this week
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved computer-aided detection and diagnostic software called OsteoDetect to speed the diagnosis of wrist fractures in adults, the agency announced yesterday
Visual acuity outcomes after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment for choroidal neovascularization (CNV) are better in fellow eyes of previously treated patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nvAMD), according to a retrospective study
Macrophages are key players in the pathogenesis of large-vessel vasculitis (LVV) and may serve as a target for diagnostic imaging of LVV. The radiotracer, 18F-FDG has proven to be useful in the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA), a form of LVV
Renal denervation provides meaningful blood pressure reductions in hypertensive patients taking up to three commonly used antihypertensive drugs, according to results from the sham-controlled SPYRAL HTN-ON MED trial