All news from Anaesthesiology

Child Health in India: 14 out of 20 States Cut Spending on SNP

Despite greater fiscal autonomy and higher tax revenues shared by the Centre with states, 14 of 20 states surveyed cut spending on a key nutrition programme–Supplementary Nutrition Programme or SNP–that bridges the gap between a child’s actual and ideal dietary needs, according to an analysis of national health-spending data.

Implementation of Alcohol Policies

Stronger alcohol policies, including those targeting both excessive drinking and driving while impaired by alcohol, reduce the likelihood of alcohol-related motor vehicle crash deaths, according to a new study from Boston Medical Center and Boston University.

The findings, published in JAMA Internal Medicine and based on national data, demonstrate that policies involving alcohol consumption and drinking and driving contribute to lower rates of alcohol involvement in car crashes, indicating the need for more comprehensive policy approaches to be developed and implemented nationwide.

Eradication of HTLV-1 virus

A pair of noted virologists has sent a letter to the director of the World Health Organization calling for a stronger effort to eradicate HTLV-1—a retrovirus that, among other things, is a cause of adult leukemia.

Diabetic Septic Foot: Hemostatic State Augmented with Platelet Indices

The study reports suggest that platelets with variable morphology could be associated with an increased risk of vascular complications in diabetes. Hyperglycemia, in turn, may contribute to endothelial dysfunction and vascular damage.

This condition exerts an increased platelet reactivity and promotes glycosylation of platelet proteins. This study was designed to evaluate the alteration in coagulation parameters and platelet indices and their relation to diabetic septic foot in Sudanese patients.

Genome's Dark Matter: New Insights of Prostate Cancer

The dark matter of the human genome may shed light on how the hormone androgen impacts prostate cancer. Researchers at the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center identified a novel gene they named ARLNC1 that controls signals from the androgen receptor, a key player in prostate cancer. Knocking down this long non-coding RNA in mice led to cancer cell death, suggesting this may be a key target for future therapies. The study is published in Nature Genetics.

Peptide Hormones Flatten Social Hierarchy And Synchronize Behaviours

A study showed Oxytocin's effects on human social behavior are not clear. Some studies reveal significant positive changes, yet others show none at all. In many animals, from rodents to non-human primates, it's a different story: Oxytocin has been proven to increase positive social behaviors and attention paid to others, and reduce negative social behaviors like threats and vigilance. The hormones flatten group hierarchy, resulting in dominant monkeys becoming more relaxed and subordinate monkeys becoming more confident. The study was published in Scientific Reports

Physician Anesthesiologist Often Work With Nurse Assistants In Anesthesia

According to a study, the researcher examines patients who undergo inpatient surgery experience no difference in death rates, hospital length of stay or costs between admission or discharge whether their physician anesthesiologist is assisted by a nurse anesthetist or an anesthesiologist assistant. The study was published in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

Skeletal Muscle Can Regenerate In Many Diseases And Aging

A study developed the mechanism behind skeletal muscle growth and regeneration, Skeletal muscle has a remarkable capacity to regenerate, a capacity that is diminished in many skeletal muscle diseases and aging. Along with chemical mutagen and screened for larvae with defective skeletal muscle structure. Using genetic mapping, they found that zebrafish larvae with a mutation in DDX27 showed reduced muscle growth and impaired regeneration. The study was published in PLOS Genetics.