Research by scientists at King's College London into the role the gut plays in processing and distributing fat could pave the way for the development of personalized treatments for obesity and other chronic diseases within the next decade. The research is published in Nature Genetics.
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Victims of domestic violence are at a high risk to be murdered or a victim of attempted murder according to a Cuyahoga County task force of criminal justice professionals, victim advocates and researchers working to prevent domestic violence and homicides.
Families of critically ill hospital patients report higher satisfaction with clinician communication and a better perception of patient-centered care when the care team uses a low-cost strategy involving intensive emotional support and frequent meetings.
A new anti-cancer drug may be effective against a wider range of cancers than previously thought. Using a mouse model and samples taken from cancer patients researchers has shown that a new class of drugs known as SHP2 inhibitors is also effective against aggressive, hard-to-treat tumors such as lung and pancreatic cancers. Clinical trials currently underway had previously excluded patients with these cancers.
Studies conducted at the University of Vienna by Marie Curie fellow Matthew Pelowski have contributed to the formation of the Vienna Integrated Model of Art Perception, a holistic framework within which the multiple cognitive processes underlying art viewing can be systematically organized.
Just because you stopped smoking years ago doesn't mean you're out of the woods when it comes to developing lung cancer. That's the "bad" news. The good news is your risk of lung cancer drops substantially within five years of quitting.
ICON plc, a global provider of drug development solutions and services to the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and medical device industries, announced the results from a new survey of pharmaceutical executives and professionals by ICON and Pharma Intelligence, which examines the key challenge of declining research and development (R&D) efficiency.
Abusive head trauma (AHT), a medical diagnosis of infants and young children who suffer from inflicted intracranial and associated spinal injuries, is often misrepresented in legal proceedings of child abuse, according to a consensus statement supported by nine pediatric and radiology international organizations published in Pediatric Radiology. The statement outlines consensus of evidence-based medical opinion on AHT to confirm the validity of the diagnosis and serve as a tool for the legal system.
The RIOCATH®(Reversal Inside-Out CATHeterisation) design greatly reduces the risk of introducing infection into the body as well as the trauma of sensitive tissues. So far, private investors have invested more than two million euros in the development. Clinical trials will begin by the end of this year and the first product market entry is expected in 2019.
Recipients of the herpes zoster subunit vaccine (HZ/su), consisting of varicella-zoster virus glycoprotein E (gE) and AS01B Adjuvant System, develop robust immune responses, according to a study published in the issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases.
A systematic search for violence against women(VAW) legislation identified 124 countries/territories with some type of VAW legislation, of which only 28 mentioned the health sector. This is concerning as it is evident that women experiencing partner violence are more likely to make extensive use of health care services compared to non-abused women.
Research published in the journal Clinical Science suggests that an immune signalling protein called interleukin (IL)-26 is increased among chronic smokers with lung disease and this involvement reveals disease mechanisms of interest for developing more effective therapy for these hard-to-treat patients.