All news from Anaesthesiology

Non-Communicable Diseases ‘Behind Most Deaths In India’

Almost 61% of all deaths in India have been attributed to non-communicable diseases, by a 2017 report of the World Health Organisation (WHO). About 23% of the population is at risk of premature death due to such diseases, says the UN agency, which releases its “progress monitor” on non-communicable diseases annually.

The document sheds some light on the changing trends of ‘burden of diseases’ in various countries, and points out to an increasing occurrence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in developing countries such as India – a discernable trend that is visible since past two decades.

In the U.S., Opioid-Related Death Prevalence is One is Five

One out of every five deaths among young adults in the United States is related to opioids, suggests a study led by researchers in Canada.  The study, published today in JAMA Network Open and led by St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto, ON, found that the percentage of deaths attributable to opioids in the U.S. increased by 292% from 2001 to 2016, with one in every 65 deaths related to opioid use by 2016.

This number varied by age group and sex. Men represented nearly 70% of all opioid deaths by 2016, and the highest burden was among young adults aged 24 to 35 years. This study expands on research in Canadian populations.

Walking Pace Linked With All-Cause Mortality, New Findings

Walking at an average pace was found to be associated with a 20% risk reduction for all-cause mortality compared with walking at a slow pace, while walking at a brisk or fast pace was associated with a risk reduction of 24%. A similar result was found for risk of cardiovascular disease mortality, with a reduction of 24%walking at an average pace and 21% walking at a brisk or fast pace, compared to walking at a slow pace.

Genetic Counseling Improved with Telemedicine Approach

Genetic counseling for cancer patients has become standard of care at academic medical centers, but patients cared for at community-based medical practices across the United States may not have access to these resources. Video and phone sessions can close that gap and bring genetic counseling to patients who would not otherwise have the chance to receive it, according to a new study from the Basser Center for BRCA at the University of Pennsylvania's Abramson Cancer Center.

Determination Of The Rates Of TNS In Surgical Patients Who Undervent Mepivacaine SA

Researchers conducted a study that reviewing the internal medical records of surgical patients who underwent mepivacaine spinal anesthesia(SA) at Toronto Western Hospital over the last decade to determine the rate of TNS. They defined TNS as new onset back pain that radiated to the buttocks or legs bilaterally. Transient neurologic symptoms (TNSs) can be distressing for patients and providers following uneventful spinal anesthesia.

Cellular Valve Swells Up And Prevents Cell From Bursting

A study examines that Biochemists have determined the detailed structure of a volume-regulated chloride channel. This cellular valve is activated in response to swelling to prevent the cell from bursting. The protein also plays an important role in the uptake of chemotherapeutics and the release of neurotransmitters after a stroke. The controlled regulation of its activity thus opens up a promising strategy for novel therapies.

Current State Of Caregiving For Alzheimer's Disease

Researchers determined nearly two-thirds of caregivers whose loved ones suffer from the debilitating effects of Alzheimer's or related dementia say they would take medication to delay the onset of their own memory loss by even six months if it were affordable and free of side effects. Sixty-four percent say they've already made healthy lifestyle modifications in an effort to prevent their own memory loss, making meaningful edits to their diet and exercise. However, only one-third of caregivers say they have been tested for the Alzheimer's gene.