NASA and private space companies like SpaceX plan to send humans to the red planet within the next 15 years but among the major challenges facing future crewed space missions is how to protect astronauts from the dangerous cosmic radiation of deep space. Researchers has identified the first potential treatment for the brain damage caused by exposure to cosmic rays, a drug that prevents memory impairment in mice exposed to simulated space radiation. The study was published in Scientific Reports.
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Researchers have developed a new way of seeing when heavy wound scars are forming, and providing doctors the chance to intervene. Using new nanoparticles, the joint research team has shown in animals and human skin samples the potential to quickly and accurately predict whether a wound is likely to lead to excessive scarring as occurs in keloids and skin contractures. The study was published in the journal Nature Biomedical Engineering.
According to a study, researchers examine mRNA drugs offer a promising new approach to deliver therapeutic replacement proteins, and novel strategies designed to engineer more stable and active proteins are further enhancing the potential of mRNA therapies. Specific examples of sequence engineering that led to improved expression, duration, and enzymatic activity of target proteins. The study was published in Nucleic Acid Therapeutics.
Researchers have progressed from fearing for her son's life every night to being safe in the knowledge that his diabetes is well managed thanks to the long-term success of "miracle treatment" tablets. Frequently had life-threatening low blood sugar (hypos) at night as a result of the insulin injections he took several times a day to treat his neonatal diabetes. The study was published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology.
Researcher have found the diuretic drug spironolactone may be just as effective as antibiotics for the treatment of women's acne. They found patients who were originally prescribed spironolactone changed to a different drug within one year at almost the same rate as those who were prescribed antibiotics. The study was published in the Journal of Drugs and Dermatology.
A new study shows that hypnosedation is a valuable alternative to conventional general anaesthesia. Hypnosedation is a technique which combines hypnosis, conscious sedation, and local anaesthesia to block pain. It has previously been shown to decrease the need for medication, reduce adverse effects, and to accelerate postoperative rehabilitation when compared to general anaesthesia in which the patient is rendered unconscious.
Intensive management of patients at high-risk for hospitalization increases use of outpatient care but does not increase overall costs. While the costs associated with caring for these patients were not reduced, researchers found that the costs shifted from inpatient to outpatient services. The study was published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
Researchers investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying myocardial regenerative ability. Advantages within the field could be of benefit. The heart of a neonatal mouse is capable of self-repair after tissue damage. However, this ability disappears during the first week of life. For the development of novel treatments for patients to regain heart function after myocardial infarction.
A study reported earlier this month at the annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association revealed that among U.S. professionals, physicians have the highest suicide rate. According to the researchers, the suicide rate in medicine is more than twice that of the general population, resulting in at least one physician suicide per day in the U.S. In fact, the actual number is probably higher, as the stigma of suicide results in underreporting.
According to a new study, researchers found that mice housed in groups had better memories and healthier brains than animals that lived in pairs. A strong social network could be the key to preserving memory. Our research suggests that merely having a larger social network can positively influence the aging brain. The study was published in the journal Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.
According to a new study, researchers have identified important factors that can improve the transfer of patients from the intensive care unit (ICU) to a general hospital ward, a high-risk transition in which breakdowns in communication, medical errors and adverse events resulting in readmission can occur. They include patient and health care provider perspectives that identify resource availability, communications and institutional culture as key factors to be addressed. The study was published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
New research shows that the quality of chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be improved by using either a smartphone app or by using the song "La Macarena" as a mental memory aid.