All news from Anaesthesiology

Integrated Care Pathway Improves End-Of-Life Care Using Insights From Palliative Care

A study recommended by successive governments in England and Wales to improve end-of-life care, using insights from hospice and palliative care.The ensuing debate among clinicians polarised between 'blaming' of the LCP and regret at its removal. Employing the concept of 'boundary objects', we aimed to address three questions: 1) why and how did the LCP come to prominence as a vehicle of policy and practice 2) what factors contributed to its demise? 3) what immediate implications and lessons resulted from its withdrawal? 

Investigation Of The Constraint Loading On The Lower Limb Forces At Weightlessness

A study examines Long exposure to the microgravity will lead to muscle atrophy and bone loss. Treadmill exercise could mitigate the musculoskeletal decline. But muscle atrophy remains inevitable. The constraint loading applied on astronauts could affect the muscle force and its atrophy severity. However, the quantitative correlation between constraint loading mode and muscle forces remains unclear.

Patients Preferences For Diagnostic Testing In The Emergency Department

Diagnostic testing is common during emergency department visits. They hypothesized that a patient's willingness to undergo diagnostic testing is influenced by the potential benefit, risk, and personal cost. Patient preferences for diagnostic testing differed significantly across levels of risk, benefit, and cost of diagnostic testing, but the cost was the strongest and most consistent factor associated with a decreased desire for testing. The study was published in the journal Academic Emergency Medicine (AEM).

Fluctuation Microscopy Measures Energy In The DNA Molecules

Researchers have demonstrated a new way to measure free energy. By using microscopy to track and analyze the fluctuating motion or configuration of single molecules or other small objects, the new method can be applied to a greater variety of microscopic and nanoscopic systems than previous techniques. The study was published in the journal Nature Physics.

Protein Helps To Regulate Cholesterol Levels

Researchers team affiliated with several institutions in Chihavehas identified a gene mutation that is at least partly responsible for regulating cholesterol levels in the bloodstream. They described how they tracked down the gene mutation responsible for the creation of a key protein involved in the process. The study was published in the journal Science.