About two-thirds of patients admitted to hospital in Ontario for hip fracture did not receive surgery during the recommended time window of 24 hours, according to a new study in CMAJ
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People who eat a Mediterranean diet are less likely to develop advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD). That's according to research presented May 1 at ARVO 2018, the annual meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, in Honolulu, Hawaii
The Centers for Disease Control reported this month that the number of births in the U.S. is down 2% – "the lowest number in 30 years" according to the research
[18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ([18F]FDG-PET/CT) is useful for diagnosing cancers and inflammatory diseases, according to the research
In contrast to unpaired organs like the heart, liver or appendix, the brain is recognizable as a roughly symmetrical organ. Consciousness is a seemingly unpaired phenomenon created by this paired organ. One way to explore consciousness is to force it to choose between two paired stimuli in a binocular rivalry experiment
Scientists found a previously unknown link between mitochondria and kidney disease, identifying a receptor that causes kidney dysfunction when suppressed, according to a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Two blood tests can predict which subset of men with advanced prostate cancer will likely not benefit from anti-androgen therapies, providing doctors and patiently added clarity on treatment options, according to a study led by Duke Cancer Institute
Marijuana and/or cocaine use is associated with worse survival in people who have had a myocardial infarction (MI) at a young age, a new retrospective study suggests
Mutations in the gene ANT1 may confer a risk for bipolar disorder through a complex interplay between serotonin and mitochondrial signaling in the brain
The 2018 Minnesota Adolescent Sexual Health Report from the University of Minnesota Medical School's Healthy Youth Development—Prevention Research Center (HYD—PRC) attributes the decline to a combination of delayed sexual activity and an increase in the use of highly effective contraceptive methods among teens
Researchers conducted a systematic review to identify audiologic thresholds in decibel hearing level (dB HLs) that might be appropriate for pediatric cochlear implantation. Children with a profound hearing impairment may benefit from cochlear implantation at audiology thresholds of 80 dB or higher, rather than 90 dB or higher, as is often recommended. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology Head-Neck Surgery.
A recent study advised that prolonged or repeated exposure to general anesthetics may affect neurodevelopment in children. This warning is based on a wealth of preclinical animal studies and relatively few human studies. The human studies include a variety of different populations with several different outcome measures. Interpreting the results requires consideration of the outcome used, the power of the study, the length of exposure and the efforts to reduce the confounding effects of comorbidity and surgery.