All news from Anaesthesiology

Transitions of Care for Postoperative Opioid Prescribing In Opioid Patients

Researchers identify specialties prescribing opioids to surgical patients who develop new persistent opioid use. Greater coordination is needed between surgeons and physicians about the prescription of pain-relieving opioid drugs following surgery to help identify patients who are at risk of becoming opioid addicts. New persistent opioid use is a common postoperative complication, with 6% of previously opioid-naïve patients continuing to fill opioid prescriptions 3–6 months after surgery.

After Affordable Care Act Implement Frequent Emergency Department

A study recommends that Frequent Emergency Department Users: A Statewide Comparison Before And After Affordable Care Act Implementation. The odds of being a frequent user of California's emergency departments dropped in the two years following the implementation of major provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in January 2014, according to a new study led by UC San Francisco. The study was published in Health Affairs.

Structural Plasticity In Mature And Adult Newborn Brain Cells

Even in adult brains, new neurons are generated throughout a lifetime. Research group led by Goethe University describes plastic changes of adult-born neurons in the hippocampus, a critical region for learning: frequent nerve signals enlarge the spines on neuronal dendrites, which in turn enables contact with the existing neural network. The study was published in the scientific journal PNAS.

Patients With ESRD Receive Hospice Care

A new study evaluated that Only a small proportion of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis receive hospice care at the end of life, and almost half of those who do receive it enter hospice care within 3 days of their death. The study was published in JAMA Internal Medicine

Moreover, patients with ESRD admitted to hospice have higher hospitalization and intensive care unit admission rates in the last week of life compared with patients who do not receive hospice care. The analysis shows, however, that Medicare costs do not differ substantially between those who do and those who do not receive hospice.

Depression in Type 1 diabetes Was Associated With High Levels Of Circulating Galectin-3

According to a study, researchers determine that Depression in type-1 diabetes patients is associated with higher levels of the inflammatory protein galectin-3. These findings suggest that galectin-3 levels may be useful for diagnosis of depression or may be a new target for treating depression associated with type-1 diabetes, which could lead to better patient care. The study was published in Endocrine Connections.