Amputees often experience the sensation of a "phantom limb" — a feeling that a missing body part is still there. That sensory illusion is closer to becoming a reality thanks to a team of engineers at the Johns Hopkins University that has created an electronic skin. When layered on top of prosthetic hands, this e-dermis brings back a real sense of touch through the fingertips.
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Eighty-five percent of a sample of college students report engaging in risky sexual behavior and the knowledge of the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STI) seemed to have little to no effect on the behavior, according to a study by Ohio University's Reproductive and Sexual Health Initiative (RSHI).
A team of researchers has identified the mode of action of viperin, a naturally occurring enzyme in humans and other mammals that is known to have antiviral effects on viruses such as West Nile, hepatitis C, rabies, and HIV. This discovery could allow researchers to develop a drug that could act as a broad-spectrum therapy for a range of viruses, including Zika.
It's called the 'kiss of death'. Triple-negative breast cancer has no targeted drug therapy and, as such, the only hope for these patients is chemotherapy. Triple-negative breast cancer is aggressive and deadly. Patients are currently treated by chemotherapy but there is no guarantee of success—and unfortunately, for those that chemotherapy does not work, the survival rate remains only 12 months.
In the first study of its kind, researchers from the New York-based Human Microbiology Institute have discovered the role certain bacteriophages may play in the onset of Parkinson's disease (PD). The research is presented at ASM Microbe, the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, held from June 7th to June 11th in Atlanta, Georgia.
Thalassemia, a hereditary blood disorder that affects the body’s ability to produce hemoglobin and red blood cells, is one of the worst type of diseases causing severe anemia among children in Bangladesh and elsewhere across the world.
Scientists have identified two enzymes that protect chromosomes from oxidative damage and shortening. Blocking them might be a new anticancer strategy for stopping telomerase, the enzyme that immortalizes tumors. Before cell division, the long strings of the cell's DNA are wrapped tightly into the structures we know as chromosomes. This protects the cell's genetic material from physical and chemical damage.
Despite being gung-ho about the NHPS bringing in more sales, the pharma industry is equally worried about the government using low-cost generic drugs to cut down on the cost of the scheme.
A report by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, released for National Palliative Care Week, shows the use of palliative care in hospitals rising at almost twice the rate of other medical treatments. The double whammy of Australia’s aging population and a rise in chronic and incurable diseases are being linked to a surge in demand for palliative care in hospitals.
A randomized study determines Tranexamic acid for intracranial hemorrhage failed to significantly improve functional status compared with placebo at 90 days. However, the antifibrinolytic agent was associated with a decrease in deaths in the first week and attenuation of hematoma expansion.
The primary outcome of the phase 3 Tranexamic acid for hyperacute primary IntraCerebral Haemorrhage (TICH-2). The study was published in The Lancet.
Lyme disease cases among children are on the rise in western Pennsylvania, according to researchers from Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC. The findings are published online in Clinical Infectious Diseases.
Cannabis use may be decreasing among teens, but a new study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health showed that American adults have increasingly used cannabis daily since 2007. The findings are published online in theJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.