All news from Anaesthesiology

Long-term Reduction In Hyperglycemia In Advanced Type 1 Diabetes

Long-term follow-up of participants in clinical trials of a generic vaccine to reverse advanced type 1 diabetes finds significant clinical benefits, including restoration of near-normal blood sugar levels. Three years after receiving two administrations of the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine four weeks apart, all members of a group of adults with longstanding type 1 diabetes showed an improvement in HbA1c to near normal levels in improvement that persisted for the following five years.

The study was published in npj Vaccines, also reports that the effects of BCG vaccine on blood sugar control appear to depend on a totally novel metabolic mechanism that increases cellular consumption of glucose.

Effectiveness of Household and Local Interventions Against Cholera inDhaka

For the first time, the transmission of cholera has been tracked at the household level across Dhaka, Bangladesh, a city with a 'hyper-endemic' level of the disease. Researchers from the Wellcome Sanger Institute and their collaborators found that nearly 80 per cent of the cholera transmission in Dhaka occurred between people who shared a household.

Mosquito-Borne Diseases and Containment Strategy

New research based on the Italian experience with outbreaks of Chikungunya, a disease borne by the tiger mosquito, in 2007 and 2017, shows that different vector control strategies are needed, depending on the time when the first cases are notified, 'thus providing useful indications supporting urgent decision-making of public health authorities in response to emerging mosquito-borne epidemics', one of the researchers says.

European Adolescents And Young Adults Have Embraced The Cause Of Racial Islamism

A study aims to decipher the profiles of the European adolescents and young adults who have embraced the cause of radical Islamism and to define the role of psychiatry in dealing with this issue.  Compared to previous groups such as Al-Qaïda, ETA, or Hamas, which have been studied in the past, today's radical groups are smaller, less hierarchical, and are mainly composed of young, homegrown individuals. The study was published in European Psychiatry.

This review delves into the profiles of today's European adolescents and young adults who have embraced the cause of radical Islamism and looks into the role that psychiatry can play in dealing with this issue. This study presents two major findings: there are no specific psychological or social pathology profiles that are unique to the radicalized youth, and similarities do exist between the psychological manifestations of adolescence and the factors that make individuals vulnerable to the radicalization process.

Impact Of Weight Loss And RFM On Progression Of The Atrial Fibrillation

Australian research shows for the first time that obese people who are suffering from atrial fibrillation can reduce or reverse the effects of the condition by losing weight. the researchers found that a 10% loss in weight along with management of associated risk factors, can reverse the progression of the disease. They studied 355 overweight or obese people who lost varying amounts of weight. The study Published in the heart journal Europace.

Stress, Anxiety Lowered with Mindful Movement, New Finding

Taking a walk may be a good opportunity to mentally review your to-do list, but using the time to instead be more mindful of your breathing and surroundings may help boost your wellbeing, according to researchers who found that while students reported being less stressed while they were on their feet and moving, they received an even greater benefit when they reported also being more mindful.

Tackling Childhood Obesity in Britain

Shops may soon be barred from selling energy drinks to children as the UK government gears up to tighten the efforts to curb childhood obesity. Several other proposals have been made to achieve these goals.

These include labeling of the calories on the menus, reducing advertising junk foods, stopping free deals on high-calorie foods, reduce placement of high-calorie foods near store entrances, checkouts, and aisles.

Research To Know How Ketamine Acts Fast to Treat Depression

Researchers describe the molecular mechanisms behind ketamine's ability to squash depression and keep it at bay. In contrast to most antidepressant medications, which can take several weeks to reduce depressive symptoms, ketamine — a commonly used veterinary anesthetic — can lift a person out of a deep depression within minutes of its administration, and its effects can last several weeks