All news from Anaesthesiology

Lung Cancer: A New Type Discovered

Researchers have discovered a new kind of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). The discovery paves the way for developing personalized medicine approaches to target this previously unnoticed form of the disease.

Transfusion Practice In Critically Ill Patients

A study was to describe transfusion practice in critically ill patients at an international level and evaluate the effects of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion on outcomes in these patients. This was a pre-planned sub-study of the Intensive Care Over Nations audit, which involved 730 ICUs in 84 countries and included all adult patients admitted between 8 May and 18 May 2012, except admissions for routine postoperative surveillance.

Medical Research And Development In Microgravity

Understanding how and why the human body declines with age and how to slow or prevent it is an extremely important area of research, especially as the older population continues to grow. In addition to providing significant public health benefits, preventing age-related disease could have significant economic impacts on society.

However, aging is difficult to study, as it requires decades and decades of follow-up research. Microgravity offers a solution, as it can serve as a model for accelerated aging. Physiological changes occur approximately 10 times faster in microgravity and it contributes to loss of muscle and bone mass, cardiovascular degeneration, immune deficiency, and optic nerve swelling.

Secret to Success of Antiviral Gene Uncovered

It's been known for years that humans and other mammals possess an antiviral gene called RSAD2 that prevents a remarkable range of viruses from multiplying. Now, researchers have discovered the secret to the gene's success: The enzyme it codes for generates a compound that stops viruses from replicating. The newly discovered compound, described in the online edition of Nature, offers a novel approach for attacking many disease-causing viruses.