All news from Anaesthesiology

Pairing Of Two Proteins Enables Memory Coding

A new study shows that the brain's ability to rapidly form memories of new places depends on the timely interaction of two proteins: FMRP and neurogranin. Entering an unfamiliar place provides the chance to make a new memory. A new study at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory shows how two proteins spring into action to ensure that a memory is encoded within minutes.

Microgravity Affects Biological Processes Like Circadian Rhythms And Microbiomes

Researchers show that space will affect our internal biology, NASA is sending a team of rodent astronauts to space. On the next resupply mission to the International Space Station, the Space X Dragon will be bringing coffee, a robot, and a set of rodent passengers to help scientists understand biology in space. The laboratory mice will help researchers study how zero-gravity affects biological processes like circadian rhythms and microbiomes.

Smartphone Technology: New Approach in Zika Diagnosis

Leveraging nanoparticles and digital health technology, investigators develop rapid, deployable, low-cost diagnostic test for Zika virus. The Zika virus, which continues to cause microcephaly and other neurological complications in infants whose mothers were infected during pregnancy, remains a public health concern. Researchers are working to develop a new way to rapidly and accurately diagnose Zika using mobile health technologies that could potentially be deployed in resource-limited settings.

Photo-Taking Impairment Effect May Cost Memory Details

Research by UC Santa Cruz doctoral student Julia Soares has found compelling evidence that the act of taking a photograph impairs people's memories of the event. People think that taking a photo will help them remember something better, but it's actually quite the contrary. In a set of experiments, she invited people to her lab for a virtual museum tour where they looked at paintings on computer screens, knowing they would be tested on what they saw.

Effectiveness of Rifampin Against Tuberculosis Infection

Higher daily doses of rifampin, a cornerstone of tuberculosis treatment, killed more TB bacteria in sputum cultures, and the higher doses did so without increasing the adverse effects of treatment, according to a randomized controlled trial published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

New Approach Developed to Study Cryptosporidium

Washington State University researchers have developed a new approach for studying Cryptosporidium, a waterborne gastrointestinal parasite now recognized as one of the leading causes of potentially life-threatening diarrheal disease in young children worldwide.

Effectiveness of Anti-smoking Strategies

SmokeFreeBrain brings together experts in toxicology, pulmonary medicine, neuroscience, and behavioral therapy, as well as health economics and health informatics. They are examining the effectiveness of anti-smoking strategies aimed at high-risk groups in high-middle-income countries, such as unemployed adults, people with chronic pulmonary disease and asthma patients – as well as the general population in lower-middle-income countries.