All news from Anaesthesiology

Inhaler Device Errors Common Among HCPs

Healthcare providers (HCPs) lack knowledge on appropriate inhaler technique, according to a systematic review published in the issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice. The lack of knowledge may lead to ineffective therapy when HCPs teach patients how to use pressurized metered-dose inhalers or dry powder inhalers for the management of respiratory conditions.

Exercise Increases Brain Connectivity and Efficiency

A recent study in NeuroImage demonstrates that exercise performed immediately after practicing a new motor skill improves its long-term retention. More specifically, the research shows, for the first time, that as little as a single fifteen-minute bout of cardiovascular exercise increases brain connectivity and efficiency. It's a discovery that could, in principle, accelerate recovery of motor skills in patients who have suffered a stroke or who face mobility problems following an injury.

New Launch In Emergency Service Against Violence

Paramedics face violence on a daily basis, so a new law which will bring in tougher sentences for those who attack emergency workers when they are on duty is most welcome. It is hoped it will act as a deterrent because offenders currently escape what many would see as meaningful justice (attackers are charged with common assault resulting in a maximum sentence of six months). The new law will double this with an option for a longer sentence, dependant on the seriousness of the case. 

Nanoparticles Use to Lower Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic resistance is one of the world's most serious threats to public health, forcing the use of medications that are more toxic, more expensive and not always effective. There are several causes, including over-prescription of antibiotics in both humans and in livestock.

Splicing Factors Maintain Adult Muscle Mass

A study examines an alternative splicing plays a crucial role in maintaining adult muscle mass, which has implications in aging and chronic disease. Despite the importance that changes in muscle mass have in aging, overall body metabolism and chronic disease, they still do not fully understand the mechanisms that contribute to the maintenance of adult muscle mass. The study was in the journal Cell Reports.

Need for Wider Access to HIV Prevention Drugs

Despite highly effective anti-HIV pharmaceuticals having been used worldwide for almost a decade, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) has not been conquered. In 2016, there were an estimated 39,782 new HIV diagnoses in the U.S., according to San Francisco State University Associate Professor of Sociology Rita Melendez. Their analysis was published in the journal AIDS and Behavior in June and will be presented at the International AIDS Conference in Amsterdam later this month.

Improved Vaccines for Infants and Newborns Developed

Scientists have just identified a class of 'danger signals' that are highly efficient at triggering an immune response in infants and newborns. They believe their discovery may have the potential to reduce both the age of vaccine administration and the need for multiple booster injections in infants and newborns, whose immune systems operate differently to those of adults.