All news from Anaesthesiology

Effects Of Anesthesia On Human Consciousness

Researchers examined the effects of anesthesia on human consciousness and discovered that it creates a state similar to sleep. A new study entitled "The Conscious Mind: Integrating subjective phenomenology with objective measurements" by the University of Turku and the Hospital District of Southwest Finland has revealed some interesting findings regarding human consciousness. It turns out that even under anesthesia, consciousness continues to function only in an altered state similar to sleep.

SEM Microscopes Improves Image Quality

In collaboration with the National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research (NCMIR) at the University of California San Diego, Zeiss has released a new focal charge compensation module for block face imaging with its GeminiSEM and 3View from Gatan.

Focal charge compensation expands versatility and considerably increases data quality without prolonging acquisition times and enables easy imaging of even the most charge-prone samples. Resin-embedded tissues and cells can be imaged without charging artifacts, while the pixel dwell time is reduced. Decreasing beam exposure time not only ensures fast acquisition rates, but also guards against sample damage, which is key to acquiring reliable and reproducible 3D data.

Identification Of Individuals Based On Their Brain Anatomy

A study found that the fingerprint is unique in every individual: As no two fingerprints are the same, they have become the go-to method of identity verification for police, immigration authorities and smartphone producers alike. It is possible to find out who a brain belongs to from certain anatomical features. In earlier studies, Jäncke had already been able to demonstrate that individual experiences and life circumstances influence the anatomy of the brain.

Chaperone Protein Have Complex Mechanism

Scientists have studied molecular interactions in the chaperonin protein GroEL. GroEL is alternately bound and unbound by a co-chaperonin, GroES. Against expectations, the 'football' complex where two GroES units cap the cylindrical GroEL at either end was roughly as prevalent as the single-bound 'bullet' complex.

This implies that negative allosteric interactions preventing double-binding of GroEL sometimes fail, and the double-bound complex plays an active role in protein folding. The study was published in Philosophical Transactions.

Hospice Care In Huntington’s Disease

Palliative care aims to improve the quality of life of patients facing life-threatening illness, and relieve pain and other distressing symptoms. Palliative care addresses spiritual and psychological needs, and is intended to help patients live as fully as possible. Some describe palliative care as helping chronically ill people “live until they die.”

For people with Huntington’s disease, palliative care can be provided at any time during the illness. However, it is likely to become a greater focus as the person nears the end of life. Caregivers may ask their doctor for a referral to palliative care specialists. A hospice program is one way, but not the only method, of receiving palliative care.

Metabolic Phenotype Of Skeletal Muscle In Early Critical Illness

A new study is to examine the sketetal muscle metabolic phenotype during early critical illness. The muscles of people in intensive care are less able to use fats for energy, contributing to the extensive loss of muscle mass. The study was published in Thorax.

Intensive Care Patients

Intensive care patients can lose 20% of their muscle mass in just 10 days, which can contribute to long-term disability. Nutrition and exercise programmes designed to prevent this muscle loss have largely been unsuccessful. They already knew that our patients have difficulty using glucose to generate energy. Our new data suggests they also find it hard to use fats in the feed we give them to generate energy.

How To Treat Minor Cuts

According to a study, researchers determined Cuts from a sharp knife or a piece of glass are very common. They often occur while people are preparing food, washing dishes or even crafting. All it takes is a slip of the knife or a dish breaking, and suddenly there's blood. However, while these types of cuts are startling, most can be safely treated at home. The study was published in the American Academy of Dermatology.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Increases Survival Of Sudden Cardiac Arrest

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation increases the possibility of surviving sudden cardiac arrest. But it's not just trained professionals who can jump in to perform CPR. There are simple, life-saving steps any bystander can take. Cardiac arrest is when the heart stops beating. Some 350,000 cases occur each year outside of a hospital, and the survival rate is less than 12 percent. CPR can double or triple the chances of survival.

Depression And Anxiety In Heart Failure

According to a study, researchers examine that Symptoms of depression and anxiety are present in about one-third of patients with heart failure and these patients are at higher risk of progressive heart disease and other adverse outcomes. The study was published in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry.

In patients with heart failure (HF), depression and anxiety disorders are common and associated with adverse outcomes such as reduced adherence to treatment, poor function, increased hospitalizations, and elevated mortality. Despite the adverse impact of these disorders, anxiety, and depression remain underdiagnosed and undertreated in HF patients.