According to the study, researchers estimated that including twins, share the same brain anatomy, finds a new study that uses MRI scans over fingerprints for personal identification. It happens due to a combination of genetic factors and individual life experiences.
All news from Anaesthesiology
Scientists have defined the structure and key features of a human immune-surveillance protein that guards against cancer and bacterial and viral infections. The identification of two human-specific variations in the protein closes a critical knowledge gap in immunology and cancer biology. The study was published in Cell.
Researchers showed a unique microscopy, Stochastic Optical Reconstruction Microscopy (STORM) is one of the most widely used forms of super-resolution microscopy. Conventional microscopy is limited by the Abbe’s diffraction limit of 250 nm. This means that only objects larger than 250 nm can be resolved.
Super-resolution tools have made it possible to break the diffraction barrier and resolve objects as small as 10−20 nm. STORM, one of the super-resolution techniques invented in 2006, is based on photoswitchable fluorophore or fluorophores which emit light at different times and they are used to resolve the image in time.
A new study shows that hypnosedation is a valuable alternative to conventional general anesthesia. Hypnosedation is a technique which combines hypnosis, conscious sedation (where drugs are used to make the patient comfortable and relaxed while remaining conscious), and local anesthesia to block pain.
Patients with advanced cancer and their family caregivers face especially challenging physical and psychological experiences as they navigate a terminal disease and accompanying treatments. Thinking about death and discussing emotionally challenging topics such as end-of-life preparations are difficult for most people.
According to a study, researchers evaluate the characteristics of physician empathetic statements during pediatric intensive care unit care conferences. Physicians frequently respond with empathy during pediatric intensive care unit care conferences, though their responses are often buried within other data or missed. The study published online in JAMA Network Open.
Researchers examine every night without fail straps on a mask that prevents him from repeatedly waking up, gasping for air. It is been his routine since he was diagnosed with a condition called sleep apnea. While it helps, he does not like wearing the mask. It's been two decades since doctors fully recognized that breathing that stops and starts during sleep is tied to a host of health issues, even early death, but there still isn't a treatment that most people find easy to use.
A new study shows that overweight seven-year-olds have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes as adults, but only if they are still overweight by the time they hit puberty and beyond. It's well known that overweight in childhood leads to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes later in life.
Our research has previously shown that children who weigh just a couple of kilograms too much have a much higher chance of developing the disease and that this effect is more pronounced in girls than boys. The study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
According to a study, researchers examine the prevalence of interest in and uptake of MC1R testing in the general population and examine patterns across demographic and skin cancer risk factors. There is moderately high interest in genetic testing for melanoma risk among the general population. The study was published in the JAMA Dermatology.
More than 350,000 people had sudden cardiac arrest outside of a hospital in 2017. Those who received CPR were two to three times more likely to survive. It is a moment everyone hopes they never experience, but it could happen at any time: finding a person in cardiac arrest unconscious and nonresponsive.
Scientists unlocked a cure for jet lag in mice by activating a small subset of the neurons involved in setting daily rhythms. The mammalian suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) functions as a master circadian pacemaker, integrating environmental input to align physiological and behavioral rhythms to local time cues. The study was published in the journal Neuron.
Approximately 10% of SCN neurons express vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP); however, it is unknown how the firing activity of VIP neurons releases VIP to entrain circadian rhythms. To identify physiologically relevant firing patterns, they optically tagged VIP neurons and characterized spontaneous firing over 3 days. VIP neurons had circadian rhythms in firing rate and exhibited two classes of instantaneous firing activity.
A new study showed that the machine-learning could the diagnose and treatment of mental health disorders. They used a machine-learning algorithm to examine functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of both newly diagnosed, previously untreated schizophrenia patients and healthy subjects. The study was published in Molecular Psychiatry.