All news from Anaesthesiology

Astronauts Occupied With Their Duty In ISS

Astronauts are expected to conduct a wealth of experiments on the International Space Station (ISS). They also have a lot of other tasks, like maintenance work. Even astronauts get time off in space. An astronaut's working day is not so different from that on Earth. Of course, it is a unique environment, but they work eight hours, sometimes nine or ten hours if a job requires overtime, just like in normal life.

Anatomy Of Foot And Thier Parts

A study showing that the foot diagram has a complex structure made up of bones, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Understanding the structure of the foot is best done by looking at a foot diagram where the anatomy has been labeled.

Foot Regions

Foot Bones can be divided into different regions: anterior, posterior, dorsal, plantar, distal, proximal, medial, and lateral. Another way of talking about foot bones is by dividing them into tarsal bones, metatarsal bones, and phalanges. In this article, we will use this classification for the sake of clarity and simplicity.

There are 33 different joints in the foot. The joints are made up of two bones coming together but they also involve tendons, ligaments, and muscles. There are 28 different bones and more 100 tendons in the foot.

Delivery Of Proapoptotic Peptide To Cancer Cells

Researchers discovered a cyclic decapeptide that serves as a promising lead compound as a new intracellular delivery vehicle for therapeutically effective peptides. The bottleneck of cationic antimicrobial peptides as anticancer therapeutics is their limited ability to penetrate cell membranes.

When conjugated with another membrane impermeable proapoptotic domain (PAD) peptide, the compound was found to have significant inhibitory activity in cancer cell lines. The study was published in Bioconjugate Chemistry.

To Quantify Drug-Target Interaction Using Fluorescence Endomicroscopy

Scientists have developed a technique that allows them to measure how well cancer drugs reach their targets inside the body. It shows individual cancer cells in a tumor in real time, revealing which cells interact with the drug and which cells the drug fails to reach. The study was published in Nature Communications. They could help clinicians decide the best course and delivery of treatment for cancer patients.

Perioperative Management Of Hypertension During Cardiac Surgery

Perioperative management of pulmonary hypertension remains one of the most challenging scenarios during cardiac surgery. It is associated with high morbidity and mortality due to right ventricular failure, arrhythmias, myocardial ischemia, and intractable hypoxia.

Therefore, this review article is intended toward the anesthetic considerations in the perioperative period, with particular emphasis on the selection of technique and choice of anesthesia with maintenance, anesthetic drugs, and the recent intraoperative recommendations for prevention and treatment of pulmonary hypertensive crisis.

High Demand For Palliative Care

Most of the patients received by the physician have an expected lifespan of two weeks or less. With just six beds available for terminally ill patients, they have no option but to impose the time limit. Some patients die while waiting for a bed. Despite the high demand for palliative care, there are only a few dedicated hospices in the country, and they are struggling to survive.

ICU Experiences Speak About Patient's Safety

Previous studies have shown that when all members of the clinical care team feel comfortable speaking up, team performance improves. With intimate knowledge of patients' wishes, medical histories and clinical conditions, patients and their families are increasingly considered crucial members of the optimal patient-centered care team.

However, to have an impact on patient safety, patients and families must feel comfortable voicing concerns about care to the medical team. Currently, little is known about patients' and their families' level of comfort with speaking up in real time in the ICU setting. The study was published in BMJ Quality and Safety.

Prevention Of Recurrent Strep Throat

Everybody has had one at some point or another: a sore throat, that burning, stinging sensation that makes it hard to swallow. As uncomfortable as it may be, you can take solace in the fact that it will go away in a few days. But if it lingers, it can be a sign of strep throat, a much more serious condition that needs medical attention.