Researchers showed that 33 passengers were treated in hospital, with some bleeding from their ears. Aircraft usually fly at an altitude above 30,000ft, climbing or descending to get there at a rate of about 2,000ft per minute. At 30,000ft the outside air pressure is about a third of that at sea level, causing gases to expand.
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According to a new study, researchers examine that anesthesia care team composition is not associated with surgical outcomes. The study was published in Anesthesiology. Nurse anesthetists may practice nationwide, whereas anesthesiologist assistants are restricted to 16 states.
To inform policies concerning the expanded use of anesthesiologist assistants, the authors examined whether the specific anesthesia care team composition (physician anesthesiologist plus nurse anesthetist or anesthesiologist assistant) was associated with differences in perioperative outcomes.
Research have found that local authorities across England have failed to prioritise palliative and end of life care, despite the health care challenges posed by a rapidly ageing population. It is based on an analysis of the Health and Wellbeing Strategies of 150 local authorities across England, which found that only 4% cited end of life care as a priority. The study was published in the journal Palliative Medicine.
For some years, there is a good deal of consensus among scientific experts that climate change is real, and that it is caused by human behavior. The consequences of climate change are immense, and believed by many experts to be largely irreversible (and exponential), causing threats coming from heat waves, flooding, declines in agriculture, and decreasing biodiversity, to name a few. The study was published in Current Directions in Psychological Science.
Researcher have focused on the protein structure of FUS to gain more insight into how it causes neuronal toxicity and disease. The mutated and aggregated protein FUS is implicated in two neurodegenerative diseases: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Using a newly developed fruit fly model, ALS and FTLD are adult-onset neurodegenerative disorders that differ in terms of the symptoms they cause and the neurons they affect.
According to a new study, researchers determined that diabetes is a risk factor for all-site cancer for both men and women, but the increased risk is higher in women than in men. The study was published in the journal Diabetologia ( European Association for the Study of Diabetes).
According to a study, researchers estimate stroke rates are lower at 30 days and five years after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) than after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The study was published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are used for coronary revascularization in patients with multivessel and left main coronary artery disease. Stroke is among the most feared complications of revascularization. Due to its infrequency, studies with large numbers of patients are required to detect differences in stroke rates between CABG and PCI.
Patients who go to the emergency department (ED) with seizures often undergo neuroimaging, usually CT scans. Such imaging in adults presenting with new onset ('index') seizures leads to a change in care for 9-17% of patients, but it's unclear if such changes are made following imaging in the ED for seizures in adults with known seizure disorders ('non-index' seizures).
Higher daily doses of rifampin, a cornerstone of tuberculosis treatment, killed more TB bacteria in sputum cultures, and the higher doses did so without increasing the adverse effects of treatment, according to a randomized controlled trial published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
A drug used to treat diabetes may point to new therapies for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis—inflammation and obstruction of the lungs' small airways. A multi-disciplinary team of Vanderbilt investigators has demonstrated that liraglutide reduces the inflammatory response to RSV infection in a mouse model of the disease. The findings were reported in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
Even in areas with moderate-to-high levels of traffic pollution, regular physical activity reduced the risk of first and recurrent heart attack, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.