A group of Japanese researchers has discovered that neural inflammation caused by the innate immune system plays an unexpectedly important role in stress-induced depression. This insight could potentially lead to the development of new antidepressants targeting innate immune molecules
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The University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center scientists have uncovered a potential therapeutic target for kidney cancers that have a common genetic change. Scientists have known this genetic change can lead to an overabundance of blood vessels, which help feed nutrients to the tumors. Their latest finding shows a potential new cancer-driving pathway
In most cases of prostate cancer, tumor cell growth is stimulated by the action of male hormones, or androgens, such as testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). A study published in the journal Frontiers in Genetics has identified 600 novel long noncoding RNA molecules (lncRNAs) that appear to be responsible for the fine regulation of this process
In the new research, scientists explain that switching therapy from metformin to a sulfonylurea increases the risk for adverse outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes
An international team of researchers, including researchers from Baylor College of Medicine, has developed a new analytical tool to effectively and efficiently predict genes that can cause disease due to the production of truncated or altered proteins
Despite good glycemic control with continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and intensive insulin management throughout pregnancy, women with type 1 diabetes still had babies who were large for gestational age, shows a small retrospective study in US women
A unique brain fingerprint may help identify the most beneficial therapeutic intervention for individual patients with neurologic disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), potentially sparing millions from undergoing ineffective treatment, new research suggests.
UC San Francisco researchers were recently surprised to discover fully formed gut and skin cells in the thymus, a lemon-sized organ that sits in front of the heart and is responsible for training the T cells of the immune system not to attack the body's tissues.
Scientists at Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center (DF/BWCC) have identified biomarkers in melanoma that could help tailor immunotherapy treatments to maximize the benefits for patients while reducing the likelihood of severe side effects.
An FDA-approved supplement reduces episodes of severe pain in people with sickle cell disease, a new clinical trial shows. Endari reduced sickle cell patients' number of acute pain crises by 25% compared with a placebo.
Women who eat a high amount of fruits and vegetables each day may have a lower risk of breast cancer, especially of aggressive tumors, than those who eat fewer fruits and vegetables, according to a new study.