All news from Anaesthesiology

Physical Therapy: Safe and Effective in Pain Management

While gliding down the powdery slopes of Okemo on a frigid February morning this year, Sandra Trounce (name changed to respect patient's privacy) slipped and fell onto a patch of ice. Suddenly, any bodily movement brought excruciating pain in her lower back and caused her to suspect that the fall had broken her back.

Children Exposed to Bright Light May Impact On Sleep-Related Behavior

Recent research suggests that the number of exposure children has to bright light in the hour leading up to bedtime -; whether emanating from light bulbs or electronic devices -; can have a big impact on sleep-related behavior. Settling youngsters down to sleep at night isn't always easy.

There's the chemistry behind it. Our circadian rhythm -; a kind of 24-hour internal brain clock that cycles regularly between sleepiness and alertness -; employs melatonin, the body's natural sleep-inducing hormone. Melatonin is highly sensitive to light. As daylight dims toward the end of the day, our bodies are programmed to react to the reduction of light by increasing the production of melatonin. It's nature's way of ushering us toward sleep. Artificial light, however, can disrupt the circadian cycle by inhibiting the production of melatonin.

EHV infection: Possible Breed-Related Differences in Susceptibility Investigated

A study of equine herpeviruses in horses in Poland has found evidence suggesting there may be breed-specific differences in susceptibility to EHV-2 and EHV-5 infection. Equine herpesviruses are widespread in equine populations worldwide. Horses are natural hosts to at least five herpesviruses, with EHV-1 considered the most important due to its high economic impact.

Fatal Fungus Characterized by the Chemists

Life-threatening fungal infections affect more than two million people worldwide. Effective antifungal medications are limited. A major challenge is that the fungal cell wall is poorly understood, which has impeded drug development. However, chemist have identified for the first time the cell wall structure of one of the most prevalent and deadly fungi, which could usher in a new era of antifungal drug development to help save lives.

Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Older Adults: First Dementia Prevalence Data Provided

The first dementia prevalence data from a large population of lesbian, gay and bisexual older adults was reported at the 2018 Alzheimer's Association International Conference in Chicago.

Researchers from the University of California examined the prevalence of dementia among 3,718 sexual minority adults age 60+ who participated in the Kaiser Permanente Research Program on Genes, Environment, and Health (RPGEH). Dementia diagnoses were collected from medical records.