A new study has conducted research that Opioids are commonly prescribed in the emergency department (ED) for the treatment of acute pain, but due to the epidemic of opioid misuse, analgesic alternatives are being explored. The study was published in Academic Emergency Medicine analysis of relevant studies found that low-dose ketamine is as effective as opioids for the control of acute pain in the ED.
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Chinese censors deleted articles and postings about the vaccine industry as an online outcry over the country's latest vaccine scandal intensified.
While gliding down the powdery slopes of Okemo on a frigid February morning this year, Sandra Trounce (name changed to respect patient's privacy) slipped and fell onto a patch of ice. Suddenly, any bodily movement brought excruciating pain in her lower back and caused her to suspect that the fall had broken her back.
Recent research suggests that the number of exposure children has to bright light in the hour leading up to bedtime -; whether emanating from light bulbs or electronic devices -; can have a big impact on sleep-related behavior. Settling youngsters down to sleep at night isn't always easy.
There's the chemistry behind it. Our circadian rhythm -; a kind of 24-hour internal brain clock that cycles regularly between sleepiness and alertness -; employs melatonin, the body's natural sleep-inducing hormone. Melatonin is highly sensitive to light. As daylight dims toward the end of the day, our bodies are programmed to react to the reduction of light by increasing the production of melatonin. It's nature's way of ushering us toward sleep. Artificial light, however, can disrupt the circadian cycle by inhibiting the production of melatonin.
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) could impact Zimbabwe's HIV epidemic in the coming years, and this investment may save costs in the longer term. These findings were reported by Jessica McGillen of Imperial College London and colleagues in the open-access journal PLOS ONE.
A new study has found a wearable heart monitor increases the detection of atrial fibrillation, a heartbeat irregularity that raises the risk of stroke and death. It's one test of whether digital technology can provide a more accurate diagnosis at less cost than traditional visits to a doctor's office or the hospital. The study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
A study of equine herpeviruses in horses in Poland has found evidence suggesting there may be breed-specific differences in susceptibility to EHV-2 and EHV-5 infection. Equine herpesviruses are widespread in equine populations worldwide. Horses are natural hosts to at least five herpesviruses, with EHV-1 considered the most important due to its high economic impact.
Life-threatening fungal infections affect more than two million people worldwide. Effective antifungal medications are limited. A major challenge is that the fungal cell wall is poorly understood, which has impeded drug development. However, chemist have identified for the first time the cell wall structure of one of the most prevalent and deadly fungi, which could usher in a new era of antifungal drug development to help save lives.
A major cause of drug-resistant clinical yeast infections is the same species previously regarded as non-pathogenic and commonly used in the biotechnology and food industries. The study, published in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens, was led by Alexander Douglass of University College Dublin in Ireland.
To create awareness on menstrual hygiene, adolescent’s nutrition, and sanitation, about 70 under-16 girls from five dzongkhags have come together for a weeklong district cricket championship at Pelkhil Oval in Thimphu.
Countries have traditionally been divided into two broad categories according to their capacity to innovate. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases say these categories are overly simplistic and leave out the key roles that a group of Innovative Developing Countries (IDCs) play in the public health arena.
The first dementia prevalence data from a large population of lesbian, gay and bisexual older adults was reported at the 2018 Alzheimer's Association International Conference in Chicago.
Researchers from the University of California examined the prevalence of dementia among 3,718 sexual minority adults age 60+ who participated in the Kaiser Permanente Research Program on Genes, Environment, and Health (RPGEH). Dementia diagnoses were collected from medical records.