All news from Anaesthesiology

Association Between Muscle Fitness And Aging In Brain

Researchers have found that muscle fitness as measured by power in the legs is strongly associated with an improved rate of aging in the brain. They suggest that simple interventions, such as increased levels of walking, targeted to improve leg power in the long term may have an impact on healthy cognitive aging. The study was published in Gerontology.

Lung Function in Asthmatics Improved With a Nutrient Supplement bar

A small pilot clinical trial published in The FASEB Journal shows that targeted nutrient therapy can improve lung function in obese individuals with asthma without requiring weight loss. Specifically, the study demonstrated that eating two CHORI-Bars daily for eight weeks improved lung function in obese adolescents with a form of asthma that is resistant to usual treatments. With a sample size of 56 participants, these findings are provocative and point to the need for larger trials.

Association Between Exposure To General Anesthesia And Surgery

According to a new study, researchers analyzed the link between exposure to general anesthesia and surgery (exposure) and cognitive decline in older adults is debated, they hypothesized that it is associated with cognitive decline. The study was published in the British Journal of Anaesthesia.

In adults over 70, exposure to general anesthesia and surgery is associated with a subtle decline in memory and thinking skills. The study analyzed nearly 2,000 participants in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging and found that exposure to anesthesia after age 70 was linked to long-term changes in brain function. 

Guidelines To Diagnose Rare Endocrine Disorders

International guidelines have been published for the first time to help doctors around the globe diagnose and manage patients with a very rare set of endocrine diseases known as pseudohypoparathyroidism and its related disorders, including Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO). The study was published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism and found that the severity of these bone growths correlates with the severity of the mutations involved.

Opioid Epidemics: Public Support for Safe Consumption Sites and Needle Exchange Programs

The study, published in the June issue of Preventive Medicine, is the first to poll a large, nationwide, representative sample of Americans about their views on:

  1. Safe consumption sites, where users can legally use previously purchased opioids or other drugs under medical supervision
  2. Syringe services programs sometimes referred to as needle exchange programs, which provide clean syringes to people using drugs to reduce the transmission of HIV and other viruses.  

Association Between Sunscreen And Risk Of Melanoma

A world-first study led by the University of Sydney has found that Australians aged 18-40 years who were regular users of sunscreen in childhood reduced their risk of developing melanoma by 40%, compared to those who rarely used sunscreen. The study was published today in JAMA Dermatology, this is the first study to examine the association between sunscreen use with melanoma risk in young people under 40 years.

Wearable Device Could Measure Cortisol in Sweat

The hormone cortisol rises and falls naturally throughout the day and can spike in response to stress, but current methods for measuring cortisol levels require waiting several days for results from a lab. By the time a person learns the results of a cortisol test – which may inform treatment for certain medical conditions – it is likely different from when the test was taken.