All news from Anaesthesiology

Effect Of Calorie Restriction Diet For Glycemic Control In Type 2 Diabetes Patients

A study examined the long-term effects of a two-day intermittent calorie restriction diet with a diet of continuous calorie restriction over 12 months for patients with type 2 diabetes. A diet with calorie restriction two days per week was comparable to a diet with daily calorie restriction for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Conventional weight-loss diets with daily calorie restriction are hard to stick with over time. Intermittent calorie restriction diets can be effective for weight loss. 

Mitochondrial Dysfunction Reverse Aging, Skin Wrinkles And Hair Loss

Researchers developed a mutation leading to mitochondrial dysfunction is induced, the mouse develops wrinkled skin and extensive, visible hair loss in a matter of weeks. When the mitochondrial function is restored by turning off the gene responsible for mitochondrial dysfunction, the mouse returns to smooth skin and thick fur, indistinguishable from a healthy mouse of the same age.

Fifth, the Latest HIV Vaccine is the Best Yet, Experts Say

It’s been more than 35 years since the emergence of the global HIV/AIDS epidemic, and over that time, the hunt for an HIV vaccine has proven to be a long-winding, elusive road for researchers. However, new findings from an early-stage clinical trial of a potential HIV vaccine candidate have proven to be encouraging. A new study published in The Lancet shows a positive immune response to an HIV-1 vaccine in adult humans and rhesus monkeys.

Mt. Sinai Hospital Receives Accrediation As A Geriatric ED

The Department of Emergency Medicine at The Mount Sinai Hospital is the first in New York State to be accredited as a geriatric emergency department (ED) by the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). Eight emergency departments in the nation received this accreditation, which is part of a nationwide effort to improve and standardize emergency care for elderly patients. Mount Sinai received a Level 1 (Gold) designation -; the highest and most comprehensive level.

Evidence of Phage Cooperation When Attacking CRISPR-Containing Bacteria

CRISPR, or clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats, are an essential part of bacterial immunity designed to defend against foreign DNA. In bacteria, CRISPR acts just like it does in human cells as a pair of scissors, in their case with the goal of cutting strands of infecting DNA.

While researchers have known that CRISPR is found in roughly half of all bacteria in the wild, they did not know much about the molecular battle between CRISPRs and invading viruses or phages.

Interaction Between Sleep And Wakefulness

A study aimed to identify the important players implicated in arousal regulation, sleep is an autonomic process and is not always under our direct, voluntary control. Awake or asleep, we are basically under the regulation of two biological processes: sleep homeostasis, commonly known as 'sleep pressure', and the circadian rhythm, otherwise known as the 'body clock'. These two processes work in harmony to promote good consolidated sleep at night. The study was published in the Journal of Neuroscience.

Flesh-eating pathogen: A New Biomarker is Discovered

Imagine a pathogen that infects completely healthy people and can cause blindness in one day and flesh-eating infections, brain abscesses, and death in just a few days. Now imagine that this pathogen is also resistant to all antibiotics.

This is the nightmare scenario that obsesses Thomas A. Russo. Since seeing his first case in Buffalo seven years ago, he has been investigating hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae, a rare but increasingly common strain of K. pneumoniae.

Greening Vacant Land Reduces Feelings Of Depression

Researchers determined that Greening vacant urban land significantly reduces feelings of depression and improves overall mental health for the surrounding residents. The findings have implications for cities across the United States, where 15% of the land is deemed "vacant" and often blighted or filled with trash and overgrown vegetation. The study was published in JAMA Network Open.