All news from Anaesthesiology

Association Between Maternal Type 1 Diabetes And Child's Metabolism

A study aims to analyze the relationship between maternal type 1 diabetes and the offspring’s metabolic health and investigate whether birthweight and/or changes in the offspring’s metabolome are in the potential pathway. Children of mothers with type 1 diabetes are at significantly higher risk of being overweight and of exhibiting insulin resistance. The study was published in the journal Diabetologia.

Melanoma Patients Experience Adverse Reactions

A study showed that cancer patients receiving anti-PD-1 therapies who develop lesions, eczema, psoriasis, or other forms of autoimmune diseases affecting the skin may experience those adverse reactions on a delay sometimes even after treatment.

In a study that provides guidance for physicians and has implications for patient counseling dermatologists in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found patients developed skin disease a median of four months after starting treatment, though in one case, the effects were not observed until more than three years later. The study was published in JAMA Dermatology.

Adrenaline Use In Cardiac Arrests Reduces People Stay In Hospital

A clinical trial of the use of adrenaline in cardiac arrests has found that its use results in less than 1% more people leaving the hospital alive, but almost doubles the risk of severe brain damage for survivors of cardiac arrest. The research raises important questions about the future use of adrenaline in such cases and will necessitate debate amongst healthcare professionals, patients, and the public. The study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), A Randomized Trial of Epinephrine in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Anxiety Symptoms Among People With Bipolar Disorder

Psychologists have devised a novel psychological intervention to address anxiety in bipolar disorder (AIBD). Anxiety is common in bipolar disorder (BD) and associated with worse clinical outcomes including increased suicidality. Despite effective psychological treatments for anxiety, research into treating anxiety in BD is underdeveloped.

Predicting Lifetime Risk For Developing Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality and also contributes to huge health care expenditures in China. Therefore, accurate and early identification of high-risk individuals is important for CVD prevention. The China-PAR (Prediction for atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) Risk in China) project generated equations with excellent capacity to predict lifetime risk for ASCVD by incorporating four large and ongoing cohorts followed up until 2015 with 106,281 Chinese participants, according to a new study published by Science Bulletin.

Wireless Detection of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism With Biosensor chip

Scientists have developed a chip that can detect a type of genetic mutation known as a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and send the results in real time to an electronic device. The chip is at least 1,000 times more sensitive at detecting an SNP than current technology. The advance, published in Advanced Materials, could lead to cheaper, faster and portable biosensors for early detection of genetic markers for diseases such as cancer.