All news from Anaesthesiology

Vitamin D Does Not Prevent Cancer

The latest study on whether vitamin D can prevent cancer is negative, but there have been many such trials, and the findings have been contradictory. The latest results come from New Zealand are based on a post hoc analysis of the Vitamin D Assessment (ViDA) study.

Athletes Struggle To Adjust Circadian Rhythms

Rest key as athletes struggle to adjust circadian rhythms to new. Before the Jamaican athletes can go up against the best of their peers in the IAAF World Under-20 Championships starting tomorrow at Tampere Stadium, they must first recover from the rigors of traveling more than 24 hours and through eight time zones to get to Finland. A few days before the effects wore off and the athletes got back into their usual sleep patterns.

Average Life Span Of Humans Have Increased

Every living species on earth has a definite lifespan. With the improvement in health care, sanitation and a better standard of living, the average lifespan of humans have increased from 31 years in 1900 to 66 years in 2000 AD.

The number of people living up to 100 years or more has increased. Due to technological advance, old age mortality has been considerably reduced from 19th to 20th century. Some of the scientists believe that if the current trend continues the average lifespan will increase by 2 to 3 years per decade and most of the babies born in the 2000s will celebrate their 100th birthday.

RNA Signals Regulate Protein Synthesis

Scientists have long known that RNA encodes instructions to make proteins. The building blocks that comprise RNA- A, U, C, and Gs, form a blueprint for the protein-making machinery in cells. To make proteins, the machinery latches on RNA at one end and then scans along the RNA until it reaches an AUG string, which is the signal to start translating the genetic code into a protein. The study was published in Nature.

Fluroscence Microscopy Reveals Live Cell Imaging Of Stem Cells

Researchers developed a long-term imaging of fine cellular dynamics is today’s biggest challenge in cell biology and studying stem cells is probably. Stem cells are so sensitive, conventional fluorescence microscopy is lethal; so, imaging of live cells at high resolution over long time periods is not achievable. Instead, researchers often image dead/dying cells and miss dynamic process essential to our understanding of cell biology.

Palliative Care For Aging Americans

The 21st century has brought remarkable advances in health care services, research and biopharmaceutical innovation. This has resulted in many Americans living longer with and sometimes beating, serious illness.  However, as illness becomes more serious, humane treatment should include non-medical supports to ease symptoms and optimize the quality of life.

Palliative care

Unfortunately, this is an area where our health care system despite all its advances falls regrettably short. Palliative care, a multidisciplinary specialty that focuses on providing relief from the symptoms, pain, the physical and mental stress of a terminal diagnosis is growing in demand in the United States.

Secrets Of High Performing Neonatal ICUs

Leaders of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across the nation share the same playbooks as they strive to provide safe, high-quality medical and surgical care for vulnerable newborns. A growing number of quality collaborations share best practices and evidence-based guidelines across the nation in the hopes of replicating quality and safety success stories while minimizing harms.

Still, NICUs that use similar interventions in similar fashions often do not achieve identical results. The study was published in Archives of Disease in Childhood (ADC) – Fetal & Neonatal.

Airway Staff Improves Dealing with Emergencies

A patient safety team has restructured their protocols for treating airway failure in such a way that the change has measurably improved staff confidence to handle airway emergencies and can serve as a model for other health systems. These changes came when the team at Hackensack (N.J.) Meridian Health encountered a serious safety event last year when a breathing tube failed and a patient required an emergency operation.

About 10% of the life-threatening events that occur in hospitals involve problems with keeping patients' breathing airway functional.