The study evaluated the utility of Banyan BTI™, a diagnostic blood test, to rule out the need for a CT scan in patients with a suspected mild TBI, or concussion, presenting to the emergency department within 12 hours of head injury.
All news from Anaesthesiology
Scientists have discovered that some treatments for cancer and sickle cell disease can destroy the germ cells that go on to develop into sperm in the testes of young boys.
In order to move, a body needs a strong scaffold. This is not only true on a macroscopic level, where animals rely on skeletons to support their muscles. It is also true on a cellular level: The cytoskeleton, composed of actin filaments, is crucial for active movement of the cell.
A study estimated that the heart is a type of muscle whose primary responsibility is to pump blood throughout the circulatory system. This system consists of many veins and blood vessels that branch out even to the smallest organs, ensuring that all parts of the body are consistently given enough supply of oxygen to function efficiently. Without a sufficient supply of oxygen, any bodily function would fail, causing organ damage or organ death.
Scientists demonstrated the capabilities of the new system by identifying a molecule that could successfully target a phosphatase to reduce the accumulation of Huntington's disease-associated proteins in the brains of mice. A new drug discovery system allows scientists to specifically target members of an important family of enzymes, called phosphatases, which were previously considered mostly "undruggable". The study was published in Cell, could enable scientists to screen for drugs that can target specific phosphatases.
Researchers developed a microfluidics-based super-resolution fluorescence imaging platform and apply the method to investigate the initial essential step in the homing, tethering, and rolling of HSPCs under external shear stress that is mediated by selectins, expressed on endothelium, with selectin ligands (that is, CD44) expressed on HSPCs.
A study examines the Conscious sedation is associated with a higher risk for poor functional outcomes and mortality compared with local anesthesia for intra-arterial treatment (IAT) for acute ischemic stroke. The study was published in Sedation.
Researchers reported that patients with advanced cancer who spoke with a trained nonclinical worker about personal goals for care were more likely to talk with doctors about their preferences, report higher satisfaction with their care and incur lower health costs in their final month of life. The study was published in JAMA Oncology.
Researchers showed that the traditional way of defining death, in terms of the loss of cardiorespiratory function, the committee suggested a new definition of death from brain death that focused on the loss of neurological function. The report provided a foundation for the eventual adoption of legislation that established brain death as legal death in all 50 states. The study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Earth germs could be contaminating other planets. Despite extreme decontamination efforts, bacteria from Earth still manages to find its way into outer space aboard spacecraft. A biologist is working to better understand how and why some spores elude decontamination.
Scientists are studying Earth germs that could be contaminating other planets. Despite extreme decontamination efforts, bacterial spores from Earth still manage to find their way into outer space aboard spacecraft. Researchers are examining how and why some spores elude decontamination.
After a dramatic change in cabin pressure, passengers can experience bleeding and intense pain. The Ryanair flight from Dublin to Croatia that had to make an emergency landing in Frankfurt recently led to some dramatic headlines. Following a sudden loss in cabin pressure, 33 passengers were treated in hospital, with some bleeding from their ears. Tweeted pictures from inside the plane also showed blood in used oxygen masks.