All news from Anaesthesiology

Examination Of Snoring Due To Nasal Obstruction

For patients who snore but don’t have obstructive sleep apnea, they could be suffering from issues in the nose and there are treatment options that help avoid surgery. Patients who snore may assume the cause is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). But when a patient’s home or in-lab test comes back without evidence of OSA, patients can be frustrated and wonder what the cause of their snoring really is.

Primary snoring, or simple snoring, due to nasal obstruction or inflammation may be the answer to that question. For people who do not have sleep apnea but want treatment for their snoring, noninvasive options are available to assist with nasal breathing.

New Organ Identified In Human Body

Researchers discovered a mesh-like network of tissue with cavities that allow fluid to move through the body on a previously unknown "highway." This web of tissue is found underneath the skin, surrounding blood vessels and lining the lungs, digestive organs and urinary system. A discovery announced at the end of March 2018 may be seriously changing our understanding of human anatomy. The study was published in Scientific Reports.

Special Care Is Required In Giving Anesthesia To Parkinson Disease

Researcher examined that Parkinson disease (PD) affects an estimated 1 million people in the United States and 10 million individuals worldwide. PD develops in more than 80% of patients after the age of 60 years, and it is anticipated that the prevalence will increase as the elderly population continues to expand.

PD has been linked with increased rates of perioperative morbidity and mortality, with one study finding more than twice the 3-month mortality rate among patients with PD compared with patients without PD after hip fracture surgery. 

Complications

Complications commonly arise from the impact of disease on the respiratory, cardiovascular, and neurological systems, with rates of postoperative aspiration pneumonia, bacterial infections, urinary tract infections, and falls significantly increased in this population.

The study was published in the Journal of Clinical Neuroscience.

LGBTQ: One in Three Youth Break the Law

Adolescents who identified as non-heterosexual are significantly over-represented among first-time offenders, according to a new study that examined sexual orientation, gender expression and mental health among adolescents who are involved in the justice system but are not incarcerated.

Heath Hazards by Overhydration in young Football Players, Study Findings

With August football practice fast approaching, every coach's favorite cheer will be to "stay hydrated" and "keep urine clear" during the summer heat. In 2017, a University of Texas football coach created a urine-based "Longhorn Football Hydration Chart," which labeled players with yellow urine as "selfish teammates" and those with brown urine as "bad guys." This "hydration shaming" practice has permeated high school sports, thereby encouraging a sporting culture which equates superior performance with superior hydration.

Stereotypes Attributed to PrEP Use Examined

In 2012, the FDA approved the use of the drug emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate ('Truvada') as an HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) to reduce the risk of HIV infection in the event of exposure. Taking daily PrEP essentially reduces the risk of HIV transmission to near zero. Since its approval, the drug's uptake among gay and bisexual men has been met with conflict, stemming from the perceptions surrounding the drug and those who take it.