All news from Anaesthesiology

Relationship Between Calorie-Burning Fat And Muscle Function

Researchers have shown for the first time that brown fat can exert control over skeletal muscle function. Alterations to the brown adipose tissue in mice resulted in a significant and consistent reduction in exercise performance. Abundant in human babies and small mammals, brown adipose tissue (BAT), or brown fat, was only recently discovered in human adults, and its role remains unclear.

Known to play an integral part in generating body heat and burning stored energy, its presence is linked to lower body weight and improved blood sugar levels, making it an attractive research target for potential treatments for diabetes, obesity and other metabolic diseases.

The study was published today in the journal Cell Metabolism, shed new light on the biology of the enigmatic brown adipose tissue as well as open the door to potential new therapies for certain metabolic and muscular diseases.

Balancing Act to Woo Private Investment in Healthcare

The Indian government wants to introduce the world’s largest healthcare reforms. The publicly-funded initiatives that constitute ‘Modicare’ are aimed at improving affordability and access to healthcare, apart from attracting participation from the private sector in this endeavour. Financial sustainability will be key on both counts.

Experienced People Reduces Readmission To Mental Health Crisis Units

According to a study, researchers examine that expertise rooted in personal experience, people who have had mental health problems could offer support, encouragement and a model for recovery, helping reduce readmission rates.

Mental Health Conditions

Care from peer support workers with lived experience of mental health conditions may help reduce the likelihood of readmission for people who have recently left acute mental health care, a randomized controlled trial of more than 400 people in England. The study was published in The Lancet.

Forensic DNA Profiling: NIST Builds Statistical Foundation for Next-Generation

When experts compare the DNA left at a crime scene with the DNA of a suspect, they generate statistics that describe how closely those DNA samples match. These match statistics are reliable because they're based on rigorous scientific research.

However, that research only applies to DNA fingerprints, also called DNA profiles, that have been generated using current technology. Now, scientists have laid the statistical foundation for calculating match statistics when using Next Generation Sequencing, or NGS, which produces DNA profiles that can be more useful in solving some crimes.

Clinical Trials, Eating Crickets is Good For Gut

A new clinical trial shows that consuming crickets can help support the growth of beneficial gut bacteria and that eating crickets is not only safe at high doses but may also reduce inflammation in the body. A new pilot clinical trial published in the journal Scientific Reports that looks at what eating crickets does to the human microbiome.

HIV Testing Effected by Age and Ethnicity, Study

Researchers argue that interventions are urgently needed to reach older adults and Hispanics to address HIV testing and beliefs. Many barriers prevent people from getting tested for HIV, including lack of knowledge, competing priorities during medical visits, and stigma associated with the test on the part of both the patient and provider. Not much is known, however, about what impact age and ethnicity have on HIV testing.